|Expression of hnRNP A2/B1 proteins in small airway epithelial cells|
Authors: Hiroaki Satoh, Hiroichi Ishikawa, Hiroshi Kamma, Masachika Fujiwara, Shinsuke Homma, Katsunori Kagohashi, Morio Ohtsuka, Kiyohisa Sekizawa
Division of Respiratory Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba-city, Ibaraki 305-8575, Japan. email@example.com
The overexpression of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) A2/B1, especially of B1 has been reported informative to detect pre-clinical lung cancer for early detection. However, relatively little work has been performed on the expression of hnRNP A2/B1 in non-malignant airway cells; such information is clearly required to investigate whether overexpression of this protein could be a specific marker for early lung cancer detection. In order to evaluate whether the expression of hnRNP A2/B1 is specific for cancer cells, we investigated the expression of the protein in human small airway epithelial (HSAE) cells. Using immunostaining and Western blotting with monoclonal antibodies, 4G8 (specifically reacts A2) and 2B2 (specific to B1), expression of hnRNP A2/B1 in HSAE cells was evaluated. Northern blotting and quantitative RT-PCR were also performed. In HSAE cells, hnRNP A2 as well as B1 were expressed primarily in the nucleus excluding the nucleolus, although the expression of A2 protein was weaker than that of B1 protein. Staining pattern of hnRNP A2/B1 in HSAE cells was similar to that observed in control cancer cells. Western blotting with 4G8 and 2B2 apparently demonstrated expression of A2 and B1 in HSAE cells. In Northern blotting, both hnRNP A2 mRNA and B1 mRNA were observed in HSAE cells as shown in control cancer cells. hnRNP A2/B1 was apparently expressed in HSAE cells, although the expression in HSAE cells was weaker than that of cancer cells. More quantitative determination of A2/B1 is required to elucidate their significance in early lung cancer detection.