CD30-positive T-cell lymphomas co-expressing CD15: An immunohistochemical analysis
- Authors: Wojciech Gorczyca, Patricia Tsang, Zach Liu, C. Daniel Wu, Henry Y. Dong, Marsha Goldstein, Patti Cohen, Maryann Gangi, James Weisberger
Published on: 01 February 2003
- Pages: 319-324
The characteristic histologic features and immunophenotype are usually diagnostic and allow distinguishing CD30 positive T-cell lymphoma (including anaplastic large cell lymphoma) from classical Hodgkin's lymphoma. The latter differs by expression of CD15 and lack of CD45, pan-T antigens and ALK expression. We report nine cases of large cell hematopoietic neoplasms in which the neoplastic cells co-expressed CD30 and CD15, and had immunophenotypic and morphologic features of T-cell lymphoproliferative process. The average age of the CD15-positive group was 61.9 years; 6 cases occurred in men and 3 in women. The tumors were located in lymph nodes in 8 cases, and in liver in 1 case. Two cases expressed ALK protein. There were no statistically significant differences in phenotypic parameters between the CD15-positive and CD15-negative neoplasms (p>0.05). However, the CD15-positive group appeared to show a minor trend toward less positivity for EMA (44% versus 72%), ALK protein (22% versus 51%), and CD45RO (33.3% versus 83.3%, p=0.07), when compared to the typical CD15-negative neoplasms. In summary, although the co-expression of CD30 and CD15 is typical for classical HL, it may be also present in a subset of peripheral T-cell neoplasms including ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Combined and sensible use of morphology and a broad immunophenotypic panel in cases with limited material and/or those with overlapping histologic patterns will best discriminate between HL and ALCL. It is incumbent upon the pathologist to distinguish between these two clinicopathologic entities, since treatment options and clinical outcomes differ.