Tolvaptan is effective in treating patients with refractory ascites due to cirrhosis

  • Authors:
    • Toshiyuki Tahara
    • Kiyoto Mori
    • Mari Mochizuki
    • Ryoko Ishiyama
    • Marin Noda
    • Hitomi Hoshi
    • Alan Kawarai Lefor
    • Satoshi Shinozaki
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: October 23, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/br.2017.1005
  • Pages:558-562
0

Abstract

The treatment of refractory ascites due to cirrhosis is a clinical challenge for hepatologists. Tolvaptan, a novel aquaporin modulator, was made available in Japan in 2013 for the treatment of patients with refractory ascites due to cirrhosis. Despite the potential of this drug, few reports are available regarding its clinical use. The aim of the present study was to clarify the efficacy of tolvaptan in patients with refractory ascites due to cirrhosis and to review the clinical outcomes of treatment. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed for 65 patients with refractory ascites due to cirrhosis who were treated daily with 7.5 mg tolvaptan. The median follow-up time, defined as the period between starting tolvaptan and the last clinic visit or date of mortality, was 175 days (interquartile range 56-406). After one week of tolvaptan treatment, the mean weight reduction was 3.4 kg, with a response rate of 69% (45/65). Subsequently, factors associated with the response to tolvaptan were analyzed. On univariate analysis, maintaining serum sodium (Na) ≥140 mEq/l and an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥55 ml/min were significant predictors of response (P<0.05). On multivariate analysis, hepatitis C virus etiology, maintaining serum Na ≥140 mEq/l and an eGFR ≥55 ml/min were significant predictors of response (P<0.05). Factors associated with survival were also analyzed using the Cox proportional hazard model. On multivariate analysis, responsiveness to tolvaptan was a predictor of long-term survival (P=0.002), and hyperbilirubinemia was associated with short-term survival (P=0.028). Additionally, Kaplan-Meier analysis with a log-rank test indicated longer survival times in tolvaptan responders than non-responders (P=0.011). In conclusion, tolvaptan was effective in treating patients with refractory ascites due to cirrhosis. In particular, tolvaptan treatment was highly effective for patients with hepatitis C virus etiology and normal serum Na and renal function. Furthermore, response to tolvaptan was associated with longer survival time while hyperbilirubinemia was associated with shorter survival time.

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December 2017
Volume 7 Issue 6

Print ISSN: 2049-9434
Online ISSN:2049-9442

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APA
Tahara, T., Mori, K., Mochizuki, M., Ishiyama, R., Noda, M., Hoshi, H. ... Shinozaki, S. (2017). Tolvaptan is effective in treating patients with refractory ascites due to cirrhosis. Biomedical Reports, 7, 558-562. https://doi.org/10.3892/br.2017.1005
MLA
Tahara, T., Mori, K., Mochizuki, M., Ishiyama, R., Noda, M., Hoshi, H., Lefor, A. K., Shinozaki, S."Tolvaptan is effective in treating patients with refractory ascites due to cirrhosis". Biomedical Reports 7.6 (2017): 558-562.
Chicago
Tahara, T., Mori, K., Mochizuki, M., Ishiyama, R., Noda, M., Hoshi, H., Lefor, A. K., Shinozaki, S."Tolvaptan is effective in treating patients with refractory ascites due to cirrhosis". Biomedical Reports 7, no. 6 (2017): 558-562. https://doi.org/10.3892/br.2017.1005