Reliability and validity of CODA motion analysis system for measuring cervical range of motion in patients with cervical spondylosis and anterior cervical fusion
- Zhongyang Gao
- Hui Song
- Fenggang Ren
- Yuhuan Li
- Dong Wang
- Xijing He
Published online on: September 29, 2017
Copyright: © Gao et al.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the reliability of the Cartesian Optoelectronic Dynamic Anthropometer (CODA) motion system in measuring the cervical range of motion (ROM) and verify the construct validity of the CODA motion system. A total of 26 patients with cervical spondylosis and 22 patients with anterior cervical fusion were enrolled and the CODA motion analysis system was used to measure the three‑dimensional cervical ROM. Intra‑ and inter‑rater reliability was assessed by interclass correlation coefficients (ICCs), standard error of measurement (SEm), Limits of Agreements (LOA) and minimal detectable change (MDC). Independent samples t‑tests were performed to examine the differences of cervical ROM between cervical spondylosis and anterior cervical fusion patients. The results revealed that in the cervical spondylosis group, the reliability was almost perfect (intra‑rater reliability: ICC, 0.87‑0.95; LOA, ‑12.86‑13.70; SEm, 2.97‑4.58; inter‑rater reliability: ICC, 0.84‑0.95; LOA, ‑13.09‑13.48; SEm, 3.13‑4.32). In the anterior cervical fusion group, the reliability was high (intra‑rater reliability: ICC, 0.88‑0.97; LOA, ‑10.65‑11.08; SEm, 2.10‑3.77; inter‑rater reliability: ICC, 0.86‑0.96; LOA, ‑10.91‑13.66; SEm, 2.20‑4.45). The cervical ROM in the cervical spondylosis group was significantly higher than that in the anterior cervical fusion group in all directions except for left rotation. In conclusion, the CODA motion analysis system is highly reliable in measuring cervical ROM and the construct validity was verified, as the system was sufficiently sensitive to distinguish between the cervical spondylosis and anterior cervical fusion groups based on their ROM.