Open Access

Observational analysis on inflammatory reaction to talc pleurodesis: Small and large animal model series review

  • Authors:
    • Jacopo Vannucci
    • Guido Bellezza
    • Alberto Matricardi
    • Giulia Moretti
    • Antonello Bufalari
    • Lucio Cagini
    • Francesco Puma
    • Niccolò Daddi
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: November 7, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.5454
  • Pages:733-738
  • Copyright: © Vannucci et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Talc pleurodesis has been associated with pleuropulmonary damage, particularly long‑term damage due to its inert nature. The present model series review aimed to assess the safety of this procedure by examining inflammatory stimulus, biocompatibility and tissue reaction following talc pleurodesis. Talc slurry was performed in rabbits: 200 mg/kg checked at postoperative day 14 (five models), 200 mg/kg checked at postoperative day 28 (five models), 40 mg/kg, checked at postoperative day 14 (five models), 40 mg/kg checked at postoperative day 28 (five models). Talc poudrage was performed in pigs: 55 mg/kg checked at postoperative day 60 (18 models). Tissue inspection and data collection followed the surgical pathology approach currently used in clinical practice. As this was an observational study, no statistical analysis was performed. Regarding the rabbit model (Oryctolagus cunicoli), the extent of adhesions ranged between 0 and 30%, and between 0 and 10% following 14 and 28 days, respectively. No intraparenchymal granuloma was observed whereas, pleural granulomas were extensively encountered following both talc dosages, with more evidence of visceral pleura granulomas following 200 mg/kg compared with 40 mg/kg. Severe florid inflammation was observed in 2/10 cases following 40 mg/kg. Parathymic, pericardium granulomas and mediastinal lymphadenopathy were evidenced at 28 days. At 60 days, from rare adhesions to extended pleurodesis were observed in the pig model (Sus Scrofa domesticus). Pleural granulomas were ubiquitous on visceral and parietal pleurae. Severe spotted inflammation among the adhesions were recorded in 15/18 pigs. Intraparenchymal granulomas were observed in 9/18 lungs. Talc produced unpredictable pleurodesis in both animal models with enduring pleural inflammation whether it was performed via slurry or poudrage. Furthermore, talc appeared to have triggered extended pleural damage, intraparenchymal nodules (porcine poudrage) and mediastinal migration (rabbit slurry).

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January 2018
Volume 15 Issue 1

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

2016 Impact Factor: 1.261
Ranked #50/128 Medicine Research and Experimental
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APA
Vannucci, J., Bellezza, G., Matricardi, A., Moretti, G., Bufalari, A., Cagini, L. ... Daddi, N. (2018). Observational analysis on inflammatory reaction to talc pleurodesis: Small and large animal model series review. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 15, 733-738. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.5454
MLA
Vannucci, J., Bellezza, G., Matricardi, A., Moretti, G., Bufalari, A., Cagini, L., Puma, F., Daddi, N."Observational analysis on inflammatory reaction to talc pleurodesis: Small and large animal model series review". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 15.1 (2018): 733-738.
Chicago
Vannucci, J., Bellezza, G., Matricardi, A., Moretti, G., Bufalari, A., Cagini, L., Puma, F., Daddi, N."Observational analysis on inflammatory reaction to talc pleurodesis: Small and large animal model series review". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 15, no. 1 (2018): 733-738. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.5454