Open Access

Protective effects of new Wenshen Shengjing Decoction on cyclosporine‑induced impairment of testosterone synthesis and spermatogenic apoptosis

  • Authors:
    • Xiaoyan Pan
    • Xiyan Wang
    • Xuenan Wang
    • Wansheng Zhang
    • Zhanxuan Sun
    • Xuanxuan Liang
    • Xue Zhang
    • Wenjun Li
    • Zhixin Li
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: November 8, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.5473
  • Pages:813-821
  • Copyright: © Pan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential protective effects of new Wenshen Shengjing Decoction (new WSSJD; including Cornu Cervi Nippon Parvum, Panax ginseng, Cynomorium songaricum, Cistanche deserticola, Radix Astragali, Epimedium brevicornum and Angelica sinensis) on cyclosporine‑induced impairment of testosterone synthesis and spermatogenic apoptosis in mice. A total of 90 adult male Kunming mice were divided into the following 6 groups: Control (no intervention), dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO; received only DMSO), cyclosporine A (CsA), clomifene citrate (CC; CsA + CC, 15 mg/kg/day), WSSJD (CsA + WSSJD, crude drug 12 g/kg/day) and new WSSJD (CsA + new WSSJD, crude drug 12 g/kg/day). All mice were treated for 30 days via oral gavage. The testes were subsequently fixed and stained with hematoxylin & eosin to assess the development of seminiferous epithelia. Immunohistochemical techniques were used to detect the expression of luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR) and P450 side chain cleavage (P450scc) in testicular Leydig cells. In addition, the apoptosis of spermatogenic cells in the testes was detected using a terminal dexynucleotidyl transferase‑mediated dUTP nick‑end labeling assay, and flow cytometry was used to analyze the survival rate and early apoptosis of sperm in the epididymis. Compared with the CsA and CC groups, new WSSJD administration significantly increased levels of serum testosterone and the expressions of LHR and P450scc in testicular Leydig cells (P<0.05), while the apoptosis of spermatogenic cells in the seminiferous tubules and early apoptosis of mature sperm were significantly decreased (P<0.05). These results suggest that new WSSJD may ameliorate CsA‑induced spermatogenic damage in male mice by enhancing testosterone synthesis and the secretion of testicular Leydig cells, and by reducing the apoptosis of spermatogenic cells.

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January 2018
Volume 15 Issue 1

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

2016 Impact Factor: 1.261
Ranked #50/128 Medicine Research and Experimental
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APA
Pan, X., Wang, X., Wang, X., Zhang, W., Sun, Z., Liang, X. ... Li, Z. (2018). Protective effects of new Wenshen Shengjing Decoction on cyclosporine‑induced impairment of testosterone synthesis and spermatogenic apoptosis. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 15, 813-821. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.5473
MLA
Pan, X., Wang, X., Wang, X., Zhang, W., Sun, Z., Liang, X., Zhang, X., Li, W., Li, Z."Protective effects of new Wenshen Shengjing Decoction on cyclosporine‑induced impairment of testosterone synthesis and spermatogenic apoptosis". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 15.1 (2018): 813-821.
Chicago
Pan, X., Wang, X., Wang, X., Zhang, W., Sun, Z., Liang, X., Zhang, X., Li, W., Li, Z."Protective effects of new Wenshen Shengjing Decoction on cyclosporine‑induced impairment of testosterone synthesis and spermatogenic apoptosis". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 15, no. 1 (2018): 813-821. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.5473