Expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 and B-cell lymphoma-2 in the synovial membrane in patients with knee osteoarthritis
- Xiaomiao Li
- Xiaodong Fu
- Yingjian Gao
- Hao Li
- Weili Wang
- Yi Shen
Published online on: November 8, 2017
Copyright: © Li et al.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.
The purpose of this study was to determine the expression and impact of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) in knee osteoarthritis (KOA). We collected synovial fluids from the knee joint of 70 KOA patients and 30 controls. The expression levels of TIMP-1 and Bcl-2 were significantly higher in KOA patients than those in the control group (P<0.01). We also found positive correlation between the severity of KOA and the expression level of TIMP-1 (r=0.8027, P<0.05) and and Bcl-2 (r=0.5336, P<0.05). However, we found no correlation between the expression levels of TIMP-1 and Bcl-2 in the synovial membranes of KOA patients (P>0.05). Both TIMP-1 and Bcl-2 are expressed at high levels in the synovial membrane with KOA, and are closely related to the occurrence and development of KOA. Thus, detection of TIMP-1 and Bcl-2 in KOA patients can be helpful in diagnosing the state of KOA.