The immunoglobulin-like cell adhesion molecule hepaCAM is cleaved in the human breast carcinoma MCF7 cells
- Ting Zhang
- Mei C. Moh
- Lay H. Lee
- Shali Shen
Published online on: July 1, 2010
We previously reported the identification and characteristics of hepaCAM, a new immunoglobulin-like adhesion molecule. Frequently lost in diverse tumors, hepaCAM exhibits antiproliferative effects on cancer cells and promotes cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) interactions when re-expressed. Herein, we demonstrate for the first time that hepaCAM is cleaved in the human breast carcinoma MCF7 cells, generating a fragment containing mainly the cytoplasmic domain. The phorbol ester phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) did not affect the cleavage of hepaCAM. However, calcium-influx promoted hepaCAM cleavage independent of PKC. In addition, inhibitors of proteasome and cysteine proteases strongly suppressed the cleavage of hepaCAM, indicating the involvement of proteasome, calpain-1 and cathepsin B. Furthermore, we showed that functions of hepaCAM were impaired when the cytoplasmic domain was cleaved. The truncation mutant of hepaCAM failed to promote cell-ECM adhesion and migration, and lost the inhibitory effects on cell growth, suggesting a regulatory role of the cleavage in hepaCAM functions.