Characterization of acid‑tolerance‑associated small RNAs in clinical isolates of Streptococcus mutans: Potential biomarkers for caries prevention

  • Authors:
    • Wenhui Zhu
    • Shanshan Liu
    • Peilin Zhuang
    • Jia Liu
    • Yan Wang
    • Huancai Lin
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: October 10, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2017.7751
  • Pages:9242-9250
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Abstract

Streptococcus mutans is a cariogenic bacterium that contributes to dental caries due to its ability to produce lactic acid, which acidifies the local environment. The potential of S. mutans to respond to environmental stress and tolerate low pH is essential for its survival and predominance in caries lesions. Small noncoding RNAs (sRNAs) have been reported to be involved in bacterial stress and virulence. Few studies have investigated the sRNAs of S. mutans and the function of these sRNAs remains to be elucidated. In the present study, the association between sRNA133474 and acid tolerance, including potential underlying mechanisms, were investigated within clinical strains of S. mutans. From pediatric dental plaques, 20 strains of S. mutans were isolated. An acid killing assay was performed to analyze acid tolerance of S. mutans. Expression patterns of sRNA133474 were investigated during various growth phases under various acidic conditions via reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction. RNA predator and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analyses were performed to predict target mRNAs of sRNA133474 and to examine the involvement of putative pathways of target mRNAs, respectively. The results of the present study demonstrated that sRNA133474 activity was growth phase‑dependent, and two distinct expression patterns were identified in 10 clinical strains. At pH 5.5 and 7.5 the expression levels of sRNA133474 were significantly different, and high‑acid tolerant strains exhibited reduced expression levels of sRNA133474 compared with low‑acid tolerant strains. A correlation between sRNA133474 expression levels and acid tolerance was observed in 20 clinical isolates of S. mutans (r=‑0.6298, P<0.01). Finally, five target mRNAs (liaS, liaR, comE, covR and ciaR) involved in the two‑component system (TCS) were selected for further evaluation; the expression levels of three target mRNAs (liaR, ciaR and covR) were negatively correlated with sRNA133474 expression levels. In conclusion, the results of the present study suggested that S. mutans may utilize sRNA133474 to orchestrate TCSs for optimal adaption to acidic pH in clinical strains.

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December 2017
Volume 16 Issue 6

Print ISSN: 1791-2997
Online ISSN:1791-3004

2016 Impact Factor: 1.692
Ranked #19/128 Medicine Research and Experimental
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APA
Zhu, W., Liu, S., Zhuang, P., Liu, J., Wang, Y., & Lin, H. (2017). Characterization of acid‑tolerance‑associated small RNAs in clinical isolates of Streptococcus mutans: Potential biomarkers for caries prevention. Molecular Medicine Reports, 16, 9242-9250. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2017.7751
MLA
Zhu, W., Liu, S., Zhuang, P., Liu, J., Wang, Y., Lin, H."Characterization of acid‑tolerance‑associated small RNAs in clinical isolates of Streptococcus mutans: Potential biomarkers for caries prevention". Molecular Medicine Reports 16.6 (2017): 9242-9250.
Chicago
Zhu, W., Liu, S., Zhuang, P., Liu, J., Wang, Y., Lin, H."Characterization of acid‑tolerance‑associated small RNAs in clinical isolates of Streptococcus mutans: Potential biomarkers for caries prevention". Molecular Medicine Reports 16, no. 6 (2017): 9242-9250. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2017.7751