Expression level of TBX3 gene in renal carcinoma and its clinical significance
Published online on: January 22, 2018
Copyright: © Wang et al.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.
The aim of the current study was to investigate and discuss the function of T-box 3 (TBX3) gene expression in the pathogenesis of renal carcinoma. The carcinoma, adjacent and normal renal tissues of 210 patients with renal carcinoma who presented to The Central Hospital of Wuhan, Tongji Medical College from March, 2006 to March, 2012 were collected to extract total RNAs. The total RNAs were reverse‑transcribed into complementary DNA (cDNA), and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was applied to detect the expression of TBX3 gene in these tissues, followed by its association with the prognosis of renal carcinoma as well as clinical features. A comparison of the renal carcinoma tissues with the adjacent tissues showed that TBX3 gene was obviously highly expressed in renal carcinoma tissues (P<0.05). In addition, compared with normal renal tissues, TBX3 gene was obviously highly expressed in renal carcinoma tissues (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the expression levels of TBX3 gene in normal renal tissues and adjacent tissues (P=0.15). The expression of TBX3 gene in renal carcinoma tissues was not associated with patient age, sex and tumor size (P>0.05), but it was associated with tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging and lymph node metastasis (P<0.05). The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that the median survival time of patients in the positive TBX3 gene expression group (37.5 months) was shorter than that in the negative TBX3 gene expression group (66 months), and there was a statistical difference (P<0.05). The 3- and 5-year survival rates in the negative TBX3 gene expression group were 74 and 62%, respectively, and the 3- and 5-year survival rates in the positive TBX3 gene expression group were 52 and 32%, respectively, and the differences were significant (P<0.05). The results suggest that TBX3 gene is highly expressed in renal carcinoma tissues, and it is associated with TNM staging, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis, which may be involved in the occurrence and metastasis of renal carcinoma.