LY294002 inhibits the Warburg effect in gastric cancer cells by downregulating pyruvate kinase M2
- Jian Lu
- Min Chen
- Sumeng Gao
- Jigang Yuan
- Zhu Zhu
- Xiaoping Zou
Published online on: January 23, 2018
Copyright: © Lu et al.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.
The ‘Warburg effect’ is considered a vital hallmark of cancer cells, characterized by an altered metabolism, in which cells rely on aerobic glycolysis. As a key enzyme of aerobic glycolysis, pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) serves a crucial role in tumorigenesis. Accumulating studies have indicated that PKM2 is a potential target for cancer therapy. The aim of the present study was to assess the anticancer effects of LY294002, a specific phosphatidylinositol‑3‑kinase inhibitor, on gastric cancer (GC) cells and further explore its possible mechanism in vitro. The present study revealed that LY294002 inhibited GC cell proliferation, induced early apoptosis and significantly decreased lactate dehydrogenase activity and lactate production, in part through inhibiting PKM2 expression. In summary, LY294002 exhibits anticancer effects on GC, partly via the downregulation of PKM2.