Identification of potential key genes and high-frequency mutant genes in prostate cancer by using RNA-Seq data

  • Authors:
    • Ze Zhang
    • He Wu
    • Hong Zhou
    • Yunhe Gu
    • Yufeng Bai
    • Shiliang Yu
    • Ruihua An
    • Jiping Qi
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: January 24, 2018     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2018.7846
  • Pages:4550-4556
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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to identify potential key genes and single nucleotide variations (SNVs) in prostate cancer. RNA sequencing (RNA‑seq) data, GSE22260, were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, including 4 prostate cancer samples and 4 normal tissues samples. RNA‑Seq reads were processed using Tophat and differentially-expressed genes (DEGs) were identified using the Cufflinks package. Gene Ontology enrichment analysis of DEGs was performed. Subsequently, Seqpos was used to identify the potential upstream regulatory elements of DEGs. SNV was analyzed using Genome Analysis Toolkit. In addition, the frequency and risk‑level of mutant genes were calculated using VarioWatch. A total of 150 upregulated and 211 downregulated DEGs were selected and 25 upregulated and 17 downregulated potential upstream regulatory elements were identified, respectively. The SNV annotations of somatic mutations revealed that 65% were base transition and 35% were base transversion. At frequencies ≥2, a total of 17 mutation sites were identified. The mutation site with the highest frequency was located in the folate hydrolase 1B (FOLH1B) gene. Furthermore, 20 high‑risk mutant genes with high frequency were identified using VarioWatch, including ribosomal protein S4 Y‑linked 2 (RPS4Y2), polycystin 1 transient receptor potential channel interacting (PKD1) and FOLH1B. In addition, kallikrein 1 (KLK1) and PKD1 are known tumor suppressor genes. The potential regulatory elements and high‑frequency mutant genes (RPS4Y2, KLK1, PKD1 and FOLH1B) may have key functions in prostate cancer. The results of the present study may provide novel information for the understanding of prostate cancer development.

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April 2018
Volume 15 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1792-1074
Online ISSN:1792-1082

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APA
Zhang, Z., Wu, H., Zhou, H., Gu, Y., Bai, Y., Yu, S. ... Qi, J. (2018). Identification of potential key genes and high-frequency mutant genes in prostate cancer by using RNA-Seq data. Oncology Letters, 15, 4550-4556. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2018.7846
MLA
Zhang, Z., Wu, H., Zhou, H., Gu, Y., Bai, Y., Yu, S., An, R., Qi, J."Identification of potential key genes and high-frequency mutant genes in prostate cancer by using RNA-Seq data". Oncology Letters 15.4 (2018): 4550-4556.
Chicago
Zhang, Z., Wu, H., Zhou, H., Gu, Y., Bai, Y., Yu, S., An, R., Qi, J."Identification of potential key genes and high-frequency mutant genes in prostate cancer by using RNA-Seq data". Oncology Letters 15, no. 4 (2018): 4550-4556. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2018.7846