Knockdown of lncRNA-XIST enhances the chemosensitivity of NSCLC cells via suppression of autophagy
- Wei Sun
- Yukun Zu
- Xiangning Fu
- Yu Deng
Published online on: October 24, 2017
Copyright: © Sun et al.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.
Drug resistance is the major factor contributing to the failure of chemotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Emerging evidence suggests that autophagy plays a vital role in the chemoresistance of many types of tumors. However, the exact mechanism underlying the chemoresistance of NSCLC is still elusive, and it is unclear whether lncRNA-XIST is involved in autophagy and chemoresistance of NSCLC. In the present study, we demonstrated that lncRNA-XIST was overexpressed in NSCLC tumor samples, and knockdown of lncRNA-XIST significantly decreased autophagy by regulation of ATG7 as determined by qPCR and by western blotting. Furthermore, we found that miR-17 was upregulated following knockdown of lncRNA-XIST, and miR-17 mimics decreased the protein levels of ATG7 by directly targeting the 3'-untranslated region of ATG7 mRNA as determined by RT-qPCR and by western blotting. Furthermore, we found that the expression level of lncRNA-XIST was markedly increased in cisplatin-resistant A549 cells as determined by q-PCR. Knockdown of lncRNA-XIST restored the chemosensitivity of cisplatin-resistant A549 cells to cisplatin, which was reversed by miR-17 inhibitor and overexpression of ATG7 as determined by CCK8 assays. This study provides evidence that lncRNA-XIST may be a potential marker of poor response to cisplatin chemotherapy in NSCLC patients and the pathway ‘lncRNA-XIST/miR-17/autophagy’ may be a promising target for patients with chemoresistant NSCLC.