Gender differences in the association of gene polymorphisms with type 2 diabetes mellitus
- Authors: Sachiyo Yamaguchi, Yoshiji Yamada, Hitoshi Matsuo, Tomonori Segawa, Sachiro Watanabe, Kimihiko Kato, Kiyoshi Yokoi, Sahoko Ichihara, Norifumi Metoki, Hidemi Yoshida, Kei Satoh, Yoshinori Nozawa
Published on: 01 April 2007
- Pages: 631-637
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a complex metabolic disorder in which endogenous sex hormones may contribute to sex-dependent etiologies. We hypothesized that genetic variants related to type 2 diabetes mellitus might differ between men and women. We thus performed a large-scale association study to identify gene polymorphisms associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus in men and women separately. The study population comprised 4854 unrelated Japanese individuals (2688 men, 2166 women), including 1490 subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (969 men, 521 women). The genotypes for 16 gene polymorphisms were determined with a method that combines the polymerase chain reaction and sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes with suspension array technology. Multivariable logistic regression analysis with adjustment for age, body mass index, and smoking status revealed that the T↷G (3' UTR) polymorphism of the thrombospondin 2 gene (THBS2), the -603A↷G polymorphism of the coagulation factor III gene (F3), and the G↷T (intron 2) polymorphism of the adipocyte, C1Q, and collagen domain containing (adiponectin) gene (ADIPOQ) were significantly associated with the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in men, and that the A↷G (Arg160Gly) polymorphism of the paraoxonase 1 gene (PON1) was significantly associated with this condition in women. A stepwise forward selection procedure demonstrated that genotypes of THBS2, F3, and ADIPOQ were significant determinants of type 2 diabetes mellitus in men, and that genotype of PON1 significantly affected this condition in women. Genotyping of these polymorphisms may prove informative for assessment of the genetic component of type 2 diabetes mellitus for men and women separately.