The metabolic syndrome of ω3-depleted rats. I. Liver data

  • Authors:
    • Willy J. Malaisse
    • Nurdan Bulur
    • Ying Zhang
    • Mirjam Hacquebard
    • Laurence Portois
    • Abdullah Sener
    • Yvon A. Carpentier
  • Corresponding author:
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: Wednesday, July 1, 2009
  • Pages: 111-123
  • DOI: 10.3892/ijmm_00000214

Abstract

Second-generation rats depleted in long-chain polyunsaturated ω3 fatty acids were recently proposed as a novel animal model for the metabolic syndrome. In the present study, a dietary deprivation of ω3 acids for 3-7 months was found sufficient to provoke in 6-week-old normal rats the same alteration of the fatty acid content and profile of liver phospholipids and triglycerides as that otherwise prevailing in the second-generation ω3-depleted rats, with emphasis on a severe decrease in their ω3 fatty acid content, alterations in the relative contribution of and ratio between selected long-chain polyunsaturated ω6 fatty acids, saturated and monodesaturated fatty acids and precursors of nervonic acid, and liver steatosis. When the ω3-depleted rats were exposed, after the first 7 months of the present experiments and for 2-4 weeks to a diet supplemented with 5% (w/w) flaxseed oil, most of these hepatic variables returned towards or beyond control values. In both the ω3-depleted rats and control animals, however, the eventual exposure to the flaxseed oil-enriched diet failed to suppress liver steatosis and, on the contrary, provoked a further increase in liver triglyceride content. It is proposed, therefore, that the present approach represents a simple and realistic animal model to study the consequences of ω3-depletion. Moreover, the results suggest that to oppose such consequences, e.g. liver steatosis, it may be necessary to combine the dietary supply of ω3 acids with a suitable control of food intake, in both qualitative and quantitative terms.
Journal Cover

July 2009
Volume 24 Issue 1

Print ISSN: 1107-3756
Online ISSN:1791-244X

2013 Impact Factor: 1.88
Ranked #27/122 Medicine Research and Experimental
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APA
Malaisse, W.J., Bulur, N., Zhang, Y., Hacquebard, M., Portois, L., Sener, A., & Carpentier, Y.A. (2009). The metabolic syndrome of ω3-depleted rats. I. Liver data. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 24, 111-123. http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ijmm_00000214
MLA
Malaisse, W. J., Bulur, N., Zhang, Y., Hacquebard, M., Portois, L., Sener, A., Carpentier, Y. A."The metabolic syndrome of ω3-depleted rats. I. Liver data". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 24.1 (2009): 111-123.
Chicago
Malaisse, W. J., Bulur, N., Zhang, Y., Hacquebard, M., Portois, L., Sener, A., Carpentier, Y. A."The metabolic syndrome of ω3-depleted rats. I. Liver data". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 24, no. 1 (2009): 111-123. http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ijmm_00000214