Expression of mTOR and downstream signalling components in the JEG-3 and BeWo human placental choriocarcinoma cell lines
- Authors: Dionisis Mparmpakas, Elena Zachariades, Helen Foster, Anjeli Kara, Amanda Harvey, Anastasia Goumenou, Emmanouil Karteris
Published on: 01 January 2010
- Pages: 65-69
- DOI: 10.3892/ijmm_00000314
Emerging data suggest that nutritional status and body weight are related to reproductive function, and nutrient imbalances during pregnancy lead to changes in the expression of fetal genes. Recent studies show that the mTOR acts as a placental growth signalling sensor and its expression is down-regulated in intrauterine growth restriction. To date, very little is known about the expression of this signalling pathway in choriocarcinoma, one of the most lethal germ cell cancers. In this study, cultures of fusigenic (BeWo) and non-fusigenic (JEG-3) human choriocarcinoma cell lines were used to investigate the expression of mTOR and its downstream signalling components. The effects of an inducer of syncytialisation (forskolin) on mTOR, eIF4E binding proteins (4EBPs) and ribosomal protein S6 kinases (S6Ks) in BeWo cells were also assessed. RT-PCR studies revealed that mTOR, 4EBP and S6Ks are expressed at mRNA level in both JEG-3 and BeWo cells. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR analysis revealed that in early stages of syncytialisation (50 µM forskolin for 48 h), the expression of mTOR and 4EBP was down-regulated when compared to unstimulated cells. In fully syncytialised cells (50 µM forskolin for 72 h) the expression of both genes was similar to basal levels. Interestingly, the phosphorylation (Ser371, Thr389) status of p70S6K remained unaltered upon forskolin treatment. These data validate BeWo cells as an experimental model to study the effects of forskolin-induced syncytialisation on mTOR signalling.