|TUMOR-CYTOTOXICITY OF NITRIC-OXIDE PRODUCED FROM ALVEOLAR MACROPHAGES DIRECTLY STIMULATED WITH TUMOR-CELLS|
Authors: Y NOZAKI, KI ISOBE, I NAKASHIMA, K SHIMOKATA
Affiliations: NAGOYA UNIV,SCH MED,DEPT INTERNAL MED 1,NAGOYA,AICHI 466,JAPAN. NAGOYA UNIV,SCH MED,DEPT IMMUNOL,NAGOYA,AICHI 466,JAPAN.
Macrophages activated by lipopolysaccharide or interferon-gamma have been shown to be cytotoxic to tumor cells by releasing nitric oxide. Here, we report that unstimulated rat alveolar macrophages cultured with certain tumor cells produce nitric oxide and are cytotoxic to these tumor cells. Alveolar macrophages were taken from BUF/Mna rats, which were known to produce spontaneous thymoma, and cultured with syngeneic BUF/Mna-derived thymoma cells. They were killed by syngeneic or allogeneic alveolar macrophages and this killing was partially abolished by addition of N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine. X-ray irradiated, mitomycin C-treated or membranous fragments of BUF/Mna-derived thymoma cells directly stimulated rat alveolar macrophages to produce nitric oxide.