|Xanthohumol, a prenylated chalcone derived from hops, inhibits proliferation, migration and interleukin-8 expression of hepatocellular carcinoma cells|
Authors: Christoph Dorn, Thomas S. Weiss, Jörg Heilmann, Claus Hellerbrand
Department of Internal Medicine I, University of Regensburg, D-93042 Regensburg, Germany
Xanthohumol, the major prenylated chalcone found in hops, is well known to exert anti-cancer effects, but information regarding the impact on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells and potential adverse effects on non-tumorous hepatocytes is limited. Here, we show that xanthohumol at a concentration of 25 µM induced apoptosis in two HCC cell lines (HepG2 and Huh7). Furthermore, xanthohumol repressed proliferation and migration, as well as TNF induced NF-κB activity and interleukin-8 expression in both cell lines at even lower concentrations. In contrast, xanthohumol concentrations up to 100 µM did not affect viability of primary human hepatocytes in vitro. In summary, our data showed that xanthohumol can ameliorate different pro-tumorigenic mechanisms known to promote HCC progression, indicating its potential as promising therapeutic agent that selectively affects cancer cells.