Identification by a Digital Gene Expression Displayer (DGED) and test by RT-PCR analysis of new mRNA candidate markers for colorectal cancer in peripheral blood

  • Authors: Mattia Lauriola, Giampaolo Ugolini, Giancarlo Rosati, Simone Zanotti, Isacco Montroni, Alessio Manaresi, Davide Zattoni, Stefano Rivetti, Gabriella Mattei, Domenico Coppola, Pierluigi Strippoli, Mario Taffurelli, Rossella Solmi
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  • Published online on: Sunday, August 1, 2010
  • Pages: 519-525
  • DOI: 10.3892/ijo_00000701

Abstract

Evidence from the literature widely supports the efficacy of screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) in reducing mortality. A blood-based assay, potentially, represents a more accessible early detection tool for the identification of circulating tumour cells originating from a primary tumour site in the body. The present work aimed at identifying a set of specific mRNAs expressed in colon tissue but not in blood cells. These mRNAs may represent useful markers for early detection of circulating colon cancer cells by a simple, qualitative RT-PCR assay, following RNA extraction from peripheral blood samples. Using a data-mining tool called cDNA digital gene expression displayer (DGED), based on serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) from the Cancer Genome Anatomy Project (CGAP) database, 4-colon and 14-blood cDNA libraries were analyzed. We selected 7 genes expressed in colon tissue but not in blood and were able to test 6 of them by RT-PCR in peripheral blood of CRC patients and healthy controls. We present a relatively easy and highly reproducible technique for the detection of mRNA expression of genes as candidate markers of malignancy in blood samples of patients with colon cancer. SAGE DGED provided a list of the best candidate mRNAs predicted to detect colon cells in the blood, namely those encoding the following proteins: hypothetical protein LOC644844 (LOC644844, whose cDNA was not amplifiable), fatty acid binding protein 1 (FABP1), carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 5 (CEACAM5), mucin 13 cell surface associated (MUC13), guanylate cyclase activator 2A (GUCA2A), amiloride binding protein 1 (ABP1), galactoside-binding, solute carrier family 26, member 3 (SLC26A3). The mRNA expression of these genes was evaluated in 8 samples from subjects diagnosed with CRC and 9 from healthy controls. We observed the expression of 2 of the 6 investigated genes in the blood samples of the vast majority of patients considered, but also in a subset of the controls. Our data confirm the extreme sensitivity of RT-PCR, making this technique able to detect minimal amounts of mRNA expressed in a non-tissue-specific manner. Moreover, DGED remains a powerful tool to identify candidate epithelial markers in blood, such as colon related mRNAs. However, to date, none of these qualified as tumour markers.
Journal Cover

August 2010
Volume 37 Issue 2

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

2012 Impact Factor: 2.657
Ranked #31/196 Oncology
(total number of cites)

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APA
Lauriola, M., Ugolini, G., Rosati, G., Zanotti, S., Montroni, I., Manaresi, A., Zattoni, D., Rivetti, S., Mattei, G., Coppola, D., Strippoli, P., Taffurelli, M., & Solmi, R. (2010). Identification by a Digital Gene Expression Displayer (DGED) and test by RT-PCR analysis of new mRNA candidate markers for colorectal cancer in peripheral blood. International Journal of Oncology, 37(2), 519-525.
MLA
Lauriola, Ugolini, Rosati, Zanotti, Montroni, Manaresi, Zattoni, Rivetti, Mattei, Coppola, Strippoli, Taffurelli, and Rossella Solmi. "Identification by a Digital Gene Expression Displayer (DGED) and test by RT-PCR analysis of new mRNA candidate markers for colorectal cancer in peripheral blood." International Journal of Oncology International Journal of Oncology 37.2 (2010): 519-525.
Chicago
Lauriola, Ugolini, Rosati, Zanotti, Montroni, Manaresi, Zattoni, Rivetti, Mattei, Coppola, Strippoli, Taffurelli, and Rossella Solmi. "Identification by a Digital Gene Expression Displayer (DGED) and test by RT-PCR analysis of new mRNA candidate markers for colorectal cancer in peripheral blood." International Journal of Oncology International Journal of Oncology 37 no. 2 (2010): 519-525.