Information for Authors
Instructions to Authors for:
The principal aim of the above journals is to provide for the prompt publication of original works of high quality. Manuscripts will be accepted on the understanding that they report original unpublished works and are not under consideration for publication by another journal. All material submitted will be subject to review by appropriate referees selected by the Editorial Office. The Editors reserve the right to improve manuscripts on grammar and style. The corresponding author is responsible on behalf of all authors for the submission.
Read This First Before Submitting Your Manuscript: Clarity is the key to success
Submission of manuscripts:
Prior to submitting your manuscript, please ensure that it has been prepared according to the guidelines below, with special emphasis on the style of presentation of the Author affiliations and the reference
For detailed instructions regarding the preparation of figures, please click on the following link:
Manuscripts may be submitted using one of the three methods listed below.
NOTE:Please do NOT submit the same manuscript several times via different methods.
- Online Submission:
Submissions may be uploaded
via our online submission system. Click here
to access the system, log in or create an account, and follow the onscreen
- E-mail submission:
Submissions should be sent to.
Attachments should include:
- A completed submission form (interactive PDF; type to fill in). Click here to download the submission form.
- Text and tables in one Microsoft Word (.doc) file.
- Illustrations as separate .tiff files.
- Any additional files, such as a cover letter or conflict of interest statement.
Cover letter: Summarize briefly the main importance of the submitted work.
Format: Original work and review articles concerning fields of recognizable progress are accepted for evaluation. Manuscripts should be written in clear, concise English and should contain all essential data in order to make the presentation clear.
General style: Title of the work, sub-titles and general headlines should be presented in lower case letters (not capitals). Indicate affiliations of the Authors by number (not symbols). Abstract should be continuous (without reference numbers, or headlines).
Manuscripts: Submitted manuscripts should include abstract, text, figures and references. Manuscripts reporting experimental results should be divided into the following sections: (a) First page should include the title of the presented work, full names and full postal addresses of all Authors, name and the e-mail address of the Author to whom correspondence is to be sent, key words and an abbreviated running title (Maximum 100 characters), including first author's name; (b) Abstract of approximately 150-300 words; (c) Introduction; (d) Materials and methods; (e) Results; (f) Discussion; (g) Acknowledgements and (h) References. The pages should be numbered consecutively. Footnotes should not be used.
Reviews: Review articles may have different sections and headlines according to the subject matter and the Author"s opinion; however, an Abstract is mandatory. The main headlines of the review should be summarized as a contents section immediately following the Abstract.
Figures: Color figures are welcome; however, they should be submitted only if reproduction in color is intended (a charge will apply). Electronically submitted figures should be saved as .tiff files at a resolution of 300 dpi/in. Color figures should be set to CMYK mode. Figures should be clear, high contrast, and of the size they are to appear in the journal: 8.00 cm (3.15 in) wide for a single column; 17.00 cm (6.70 in) for a double column; maximum height 20.00 cm (7.87 in). Graphs should not require any artwork or typesetting, and symbols, numbering and lettering should be clearly legible and of the appropriate size. The number and top of figures in print should be indicated.
Tables: Each table should be submitted on a separate page, and typed using double-spacing. Tables should be numbered with Roman numerals and should include a short title.
Nomenclature and Abbreviations: Nomenclature should follow that given in Chemical Abstracts. Standard abbreviations are preferable. If a new abbreviation is used, it should be defined at its first usage.
References: Citation of journal titles follow the standard form of Index Medicus and the references must be numbered consecutively. Do NOT use full stop after initials or abbreviations. In the text, references should be cited by number in soft brackets e.g. (1-3) (1,2). Inclusive page numbers should be given. Complete Author list is preferred, however, if more than 7 Authors, 3 names and et al can be used. Following are examples of order and style, which should be strictly adhered to:
1. Spandidos DA and Wilkie NM: Malignant transformation of early passage rodent cells by a single mutated human oncogene. Nature 310: 469-475, 1984.
2. Hall A, Morris JDH, Price B, Lloyd A, Hancock JF, Gardener S, Houslay MD, Wakelam MJO and Marshall CJ: The function of the mammalian Ras proteins. In: Ras oncogenes. Spandidos DA (ed.) Plenum Publ. Corp., New York, pp99-104, 1989.
3. Spandidos A, Wang X, Wang H and Seed B: PrimerBank: a resource of human and mouse PCR primer pairs for gene expression detection and quantification. Nucleic Acids Res 38: D792-D799, 2010.
Personal communications should be avoided. Manuscripts in preparation or submitted, but not yet accepted, and abstracts, may be cited in the text, however should NOT be included in the list of references.
EndNote and Reference Manager output styles for our journals are available. To download the Output Style files, please click on the following link:
Output Styles Download
Conflicts of interest and informed consent: Forms are not used; however, the authors of all submitted manuscripts must declare whether they have any conflicts of interest. Additionally, all submitted manuscripts must include a statement that informed consent, if necessary, was obtained.
Use of humans and experimental animals: Research carried out on humans must follow international and national regulations. When experimental animals are used, research carried out must follow internationally recognised guidelines on animal welfare, as well as local and national regulations. Additionally, a statement must be included in the Materials and methods section of the manuscript, identifying the institutional and/or licensing committee that has approved the experiments undertaken.
Proofs: It is of vital importance that Authors check their manuscripts carefully before submission, because any errors will be faithfully transferred into the typeset version.
Reprints: A reprint order form will accompany notification of acceptance of a manuscript and should be completed and returned immediately.
Page charges: Accepted manuscripts will be published on the understanding that the author(s) will pay the page charges as indicated on submission. An order form with payment details is provided at the proofs stage of manuscript submission. A PDF of the final article is provided free of charge upon publication.
Basic charge (total amount for up to 5 pages): EUR 220 | GBP £200 | US$320
Each additional page : EUR 110 | GBP £90| US$160
Reproduction in color : EUR 390 | GBP £310 | US$520, per color page.
Color figures should only be submitted if intended for publication. Fees for color reproduction are calculated based on the figures at the time of manuscript acceptance. Figures may not be changed to black and white once a manuscript has been accepted.
Open Access (optional): "Open access" articles published online can be freely accessed at the journal's website by all users. Articles are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License. They may be redistributed, reproduced, and reused for non-commercial purposes, provided the original source of publication is properly cited. Spandidos Publications Ltd. automatically provides open access to articles 12 months after their publication online. The charge for open access is Euro €450 | Pounds £360 | USD $675.