|Chemotherapeutic potential of plant alkaloids and multidrug resistance mechanisms in malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the heart|
Authors: P. Reinecke, M. Steckstor, M. Schmitz, H. E. Gabbert, C. D. Gerharz
Institute of Pathology, Heinrich-Heine-University, D-40225 Düsseldorf, Germany. firstname.lastname@example.org
Primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) of the heart is a rare and highly malignant soft tissue tumor, which is largely resistant to conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Therefore, we analyzed growth inhibitory effects of different chemotherapeutic agents and mechanisms of drug resistance in the recently established cell line MFH-H derived from a human primary cardiac MFH. The growth inhibitory effects of etoposide, vincristine, and paclitaxel were tested using the MTT assay. The expression and function of multidrug resistance-related proteins, i.e. the P-glycoprotein, the multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) and the lung resistance-related protein (LRP) were determined by FACScan and functional assays of cellular drug efflux. The concentration required for a 50% inhibition of growth (IC50) was 0.001 µM for etoposide and 0.035 µM for vincristine. Paclitaxel dissolved in Cremophor EL/ethanol inhibited the cell growth of MFH-H cells more intensively (IC50: 0.27 µM) than paclitaxel dissolved in DMSO (IC50: 11.09 µM) suggesting that Cremophor EL is contributing to the inhibitory effects of paclitaxel. The response of MFH-H to etoposide, vincristine and paclitaxel/Taxol® could not be predicted by the expression and function of P-glycoprotein, MRP and LRP. This study demonstrates that etoposide and to a lesser extent vincristine can effectively inhibit the growth of MFH-H cells, irrespective of the multidrug resistance phenotype. MFH-H cells are relatively insensitive to paclitaxel dissolved in DMSO, in contrast to paclitaxel dissolved in Cremophor® EL/ethanol indicating that the diluent Cremophor contributes to the antiproliferative effects of the taxane paclitaxel.