|E-cadherin mRNA expression analysis in evaluating the natural history of urothelial bladder cell carcinoma: Results from a long-term follow-up study|
Authors: Tommaso Cai, Mauro Piazzini, Gabriella Nesi, Ilaria Taddei, Iacopo Sardi, Beatrice Detti, Nicola Mondaini, Maurizio Dal Canto, Riccardo Bartoletti
Department of Urology, University of Florence, I-50011 Bagno a Ripoli, Florence, Italy. firstname.lastname@example.org
any studies have indicated that the E-cadherin (E-CAD) expression loss is associated with the loss of cellular differentiation and increased cellular invasiveness and can be correlated with poor prognosis in urothelial carcinoma (UC) of the urinary bladder. The aim of this study was to define the role of E-CAD mRNA expression on recurrence, progression and survival in UC of the urinary bladder over a long follow-up period. From 30 patients with bladder UC, enrolled in our previous study, 27 were selected for this study. All patients were re-analyzed in terms of clinical and tumor characteristics, tumor pathological analysis and tumor E-CAD mRNA expression. The data were correlated to 12-year follow-up results. Significant correlations between stage (p=0.002), grade (p=0.008) and E-CAD mRNA expression were reported. E-CAD did not show any correlation in predicting recurrence or progression in bladder UC. The survival analysis demonstrated a significant relationship (p=0.019) between patients with expressed E-CAD mRNA levels and cancer-specific survival. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that expression of E-CAD mRNA levels is an independent prognostic factor in terms of cancer-specific survival in UC of the urinary bladder (p=0.002). Our study is the first to demonstrate that mRNA extraction and Northen blot analysis is to be considered a reliable method to evaluate E-CAD mRNA levels for predicting survival rate in patients affected by urothelial bladder cancers. We stress that a long follow-up period is needed to evaluate the role of molecular factors in predicting prognosis in patients affected by bladder UC.