|IL-12 or IL-15, unlike IL-2, does not interact with histamine in augmenting cytotoxicity of splenocytes against melanoma cells and YAC-1 cells|
Authors: Katarzyna Kozar, Rafal Kaminski, Adam Giermasz, Grzegorz Basak, Radoslaw Zagozdzon, Jolanta Rybczynska, Maria Wasik, Witold Lasek, Marek Jakobisiak, Jakub Golab
Department of Immunology, Center of Biostructure, 02-004 Warsaw, Poland
It has been suggested that histamine by its ability to downregulate the production of macrophage-derived reactive oxygen species might effectively potentiate the cytotoxic activity of cytokine-stimulated NK cells. Histamine thus reverses negative regulation of NK cells treated with IL-2 and IFN-α in the presence of macrophages. We confirm that histamine potently enhances cytotoxic activity of IL-2-stimulated NK cell-enriched splenocytes admixed with macrophages against B16F10 melanoma cells and YAC-1 cells. This stimulation results in production of high amounts of INF-γ and TNF-α. Interestingly, IL-15 by itself promotes production of reactive oxygen species. Although histamine decreased reactive oxygen species production from the cultures of IL-15-stimulated NK cell-enriched splenocytes admixed with macrophages, it did not potentiate the cytotoxicity of IL-15. Further, we demonstrate that histamine-mediated potentiation of cytotoxicity is not applicable to IL-12, another potent activator of NK cell activity.