Open Access

Sonographic measurement of splenic size and its correlation with body parameters

  • Authors:
    • Salah M. Fateh
    • Naser A. Mohammed
    • Kawa A. Mahmood
    • Αli H. Hasan
    • Soran H. Tahir
    • Fahmi H. Kakamad
    • Abdulwahid M. Salih
    • Hiwa O. Abdullah
    • Berun A. Abdalla
    • Shvan H. Mohammed
    • Hunar A. Hassan
    • Dahat A. Hussein
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: January 9, 2023     https://doi.org/10.3892/mi.2023.67
  • Article Number: 7
  • Copyright: © Fateh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

There are controversies regarding the normal size of the adult spleen and its correlation with age, sex and body parameters. The present study aimed to establish a reference value of splenic dimensions, volume and their correlations with different body parameters. The present cross‑sectional study was conducted on 300 healthy adult volunteers of both sexes. Age, sex, height, weight and body mass index (BMI) were recorded. The ultrasound measurements of spleen parameters included length, thickness and width. The spleen volume was calculated using the standard prolate ellipsoid formula (length x thickness x width x0.523). The mean ± SD age was 38.7±14 years, the mean height was 166±9.9 cm, the mean weight was 74.7±15.8 kg and the mean BMI was 27±5 kg/m2. The mean spleen length, thickness, width and volume were 10.68±1.28 cm, 4.1±0.58 cm, 7.3±0.9 cm and 174.4±52.4 ml, respectively. Males had larger spleen parameters than females. Spleen volume significantly correlated with the subjects' height (r=0.655, P<0.001) and weight (r=0.643, P<0.001). However, weaker correlations were detected between age (r=‑0.238, P<0.001) and BMI (r=0.299, P<0.001) with spleen volume. A higher significant correlation was found between spleen volume and spleen length rather than with its thickness and width. In the present study, the normative data of splenic dimensions and volume have been provided and may be used in certain clinical situations.

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January-February 2023
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Spandidos Publications style
Fateh SM, Mohammed NA, Mahmood KA, Hasan ΑH, Tahir SH, Kakamad FH, Salih AM, Abdullah HO, Abdalla BA, Mohammed SH, Mohammed SH, et al: Sonographic measurement of splenic size and its correlation with body parameters. Med Int 3: 7, 2023
APA
Fateh, S.M., Mohammed, N.A., Mahmood, K.A., Hasan, Α.H., Tahir, S.H., Kakamad, F.H. ... Hussein, D.A. (2023). Sonographic measurement of splenic size and its correlation with body parameters. Medicine International, 3, 7. https://doi.org/10.3892/mi.2023.67
MLA
Fateh, S. M., Mohammed, N. A., Mahmood, K. A., Hasan, Α. H., Tahir, S. H., Kakamad, F. H., Salih, A. M., Abdullah, H. O., Abdalla, B. A., Mohammed, S. H., Hassan, H. A., Hussein, D. A."Sonographic measurement of splenic size and its correlation with body parameters". Medicine International 3.1 (2023): 7.
Chicago
Fateh, S. M., Mohammed, N. A., Mahmood, K. A., Hasan, Α. H., Tahir, S. H., Kakamad, F. H., Salih, A. M., Abdullah, H. O., Abdalla, B. A., Mohammed, S. H., Hassan, H. A., Hussein, D. A."Sonographic measurement of splenic size and its correlation with body parameters". Medicine International 3, no. 1 (2023): 7. https://doi.org/10.3892/mi.2023.67