Quantitative cost‑effectiveness index of cancer treatments
Affiliations: Department of Pediatrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510120, P.R. China
- Published online on: March 8, 2023 https://doi.org/10.3892/mi.2023.77
- Article Number: 17
Copyright: © Wu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.
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In spite of advancements being made in technology and treatment strategies, which have markedly improved the survival rate of patients, the cost of cancer care worldwide has increased over the past decades. The presence of several cost‑effectiveness ratios has provided significant indexes to assess the balance between cost and effectiveness. However, the currently available indexes still fail to provide a comprehensive and objective evaluation of cancer treatment. Therefore, the present study developed a novel approach, namely a quantitative cost‑effectiveness index of cancer treatment, based on the calculation of the hospitalization expense index and efficacy evaluation index. The present study used the data of 16 patients with childhood acute myeloid leukemia who received the high‑dose chemotherapy as an example, and the quantitative cost‑effectiveness index was used to evaluate the value of this approach. As the increasing prevalence of cancer and the rising cost of pharmaceuticals have contributed to the expenditure, the development of this index may help to solve the current dilemma of cancer treatment and may prove to be essential for the development of an effective approach which may be accessible to and affordable by common persons; thus would then lead to a higher cure rate.