Open Access

Distribution characteristics of Staphylococcus spp. in different phases of periprosthetic joint infection: A review (Review)

  • Authors:
    • Geyong Guo
    • Jiaxing Wang
    • Yanan You
    • Jiaqi Tan
    • Hao Shen
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: April 4, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.4300
  • Pages: 2599-2608
  • Copyright: © Guo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

Metrics: Total Views: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
Total PDF Downloads: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )


Abstract

Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a devastating condition and Staphylococcus spp. are the predominant pathogens responsible, particularly coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) and Staphylococcus aureus. The aim of the present systematic review was to evaluate the distribution characteristics of specific Staphylococcus spp. in different PJI phases, reveal the effect of pathogens' feature on their distribution and suggest recommendations for antibiotic treatment of Staphylococcal PJI. The present systematic review was performed using PubMed and EMBASE databases with the aim to identify existing literature that presented the spectrum of Staphylococcus spp. that occur in PJI. Once inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, 20 cohort studies involving 3,344 cases in 3,199 patients were included. The predominant pathogen involved in PJI was indicated to be CoNS (31.2%), followed by S. aureus (28.8%). This trend was more apparent in hip replacement procedures. In addition, almost equal proportions of CoNS and S. aureus (28.6 and 30.0%, respectively) were indicated in the delayed phase. CoNS (36.6%) were the predominant identified organism in the early phase, whereas S. aureus (38.3%) occurred primarily in the late phase. In PJI caused by S. aureus, the number of cases of methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) was ~2.5‑fold greater than that of methicillin‑resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). MRSA occurred predominantly in the early phase, whereas MSSA was largely observed in the delayed and late phases. With regards to antibiotic treatment, the feature of various pathogens and the phases of PJI were the primary considerations. The present review provides useful information for clinical practice and scientific research of PJI.

Related Articles

Journal Cover

June 2017
Volume 13 Issue 6

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

Sign up for eToc alerts

Recommend to Library

Copy and paste a formatted citation
APA
Guo, G., Wang, J., You, Y., Tan, J., & Shen, H. (2017). Distribution characteristics of Staphylococcus spp. in different phases of periprosthetic joint infection: A review (Review). Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 13, 2599-2608. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.4300
MLA
Guo, G., Wang, J., You, Y., Tan, J., Shen, H."Distribution characteristics of Staphylococcus spp. in different phases of periprosthetic joint infection: A review (Review)". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 13.6 (2017): 2599-2608.
Chicago
Guo, G., Wang, J., You, Y., Tan, J., Shen, H."Distribution characteristics of Staphylococcus spp. in different phases of periprosthetic joint infection: A review (Review)". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 13, no. 6 (2017): 2599-2608. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.4300