C‑X‑C motif chemokine ligand 8 promotes endothelial cell homing via the Akt‑signal transducer and activator of transcription pathway to accelerate healing of ischemic and hypoxic skin ulcers

  • Authors:
    • Lei Shen
    • Peng Zhang
    • Shanqiang Zhang
    • Liping Xie
    • Lijie Yao
    • Weiya Lang
    • Jie Lian
    • Wei Qin
    • Meng Zhang
    • Liang Ji
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: April 5, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.4305
  • Pages: 3021-3031
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Abstract

C‑X‑C motif chemokine ligand 8 (CXCL‑8) promotes cell homing and angiogenesis. However, under hypoxic conditions, the role of CXCL‑8 in the homing of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), and its effect on the healing of skin ulcers caused by ischemia and hypoxia remain unknown. In the current study, assays measuring cell proliferation, in vitro angiogenesis and cell migration were performed to evaluate alterations in the proliferation, angiogenic capacity and chemotaxis of HUVECs treated with CXCL‑8 protein and/or an Akt inhibitor (AZD5363 group) under hypoxic conditions. Changes in the levels of Akt, signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), malondialdehyde (MDA) and total‑superoxide dismutase (total‑SOD) were also detected by western blotting and ELISA. In addition, in vivo experiments were performed using a skin ulcer model in mice. Ischemic and hypoxic skin ulcers were created on the thighs of C57BL/6J mice, and the effects of CXCL‑8 and HUVEC transplantation on the healing capacity of skin ulcers was determined by injecting mice with HUVECs and/or CXCL‑8 recombinant protein (CXCL‑8, HUVEC and HUVEC + CXCL‑8 groups). Vascular endothelial cell homing, changes in vascular density and the expression of VEGF, SOD, EGF and MDA within the ulcer tissue were subsequently measured. In vitro experiments demonstrated that HUVEC proliferation, migration and tube forming capacity were significantly increased by CXCL‑8 under hypoxic conditions. Additionally, levels of VEGF, MDA and SOD were significantly higher in the CXCL‑8 group, though were significantly decreased by the Akt and STAT3 inhibitors. In vivo experiments demonstrated that the expression of VEGF, total‑SOD and EGF proteins were higher in the skin ulcer tissue of mice treated with CXCL‑8 + HUVEC, relative to mice treated with HUVECs alone. Furthermore, vascular endothelial cell homing and vascular density were significantly increased in the CXCL‑8 + HUVEC group, indicating that combined use of HUVECs and CXCL‑8 may promote the healing of ischemic skin ulcers. The present results demonstrate that CXCL‑8 may stimulate vascular endothelial cells to secrete VEGF, SOD and other cytokines via the Akt‑STAT3 pathway, which in turn serves a key regulatory role in the recruitment of vascular endothelial cells, reduction of hypoxia‑related injury and promotion of tissue repair following hypoxic/ischemic injury.

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June 2017
Volume 13 Issue 6

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

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Copy and paste a formatted citation
APA
Shen, L., Zhang, P., Zhang, S., Xie, L., Yao, L., Lang, W. ... Ji, L. (2017). C‑X‑C motif chemokine ligand 8 promotes endothelial cell homing via the Akt‑signal transducer and activator of transcription pathway to accelerate healing of ischemic and hypoxic skin ulcers. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 13, 3021-3031. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.4305
MLA
Shen, L., Zhang, P., Zhang, S., Xie, L., Yao, L., Lang, W., Lian, J., Qin, W., Zhang, M., Ji, L."C‑X‑C motif chemokine ligand 8 promotes endothelial cell homing via the Akt‑signal transducer and activator of transcription pathway to accelerate healing of ischemic and hypoxic skin ulcers". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 13.6 (2017): 3021-3031.
Chicago
Shen, L., Zhang, P., Zhang, S., Xie, L., Yao, L., Lang, W., Lian, J., Qin, W., Zhang, M., Ji, L."C‑X‑C motif chemokine ligand 8 promotes endothelial cell homing via the Akt‑signal transducer and activator of transcription pathway to accelerate healing of ischemic and hypoxic skin ulcers". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 13, no. 6 (2017): 3021-3031. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.4305