Open Access

Comparison of the roles of house dust mite allergens, ovalbumin and lipopolysaccharides in the sensitization of mice to establish a model of severe neutrophilic asthma

  • Authors:
    • Aijun Jia
    • Yueling Wang
    • Wenjin Sun
    • Bing Xiao
    • Lin Mu
    • Yan Wei
    • Li Xu
    • Cong Peng
    • Dongshan Zhang
    • Huahao Shen
    • Xudong Xiang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: July 11, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.4776
  • Pages: 2126-2134
  • Copyright: © Jia et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Neutrophilic asthma (NA) is associated with a severe disease course and poor response to corticosteroids. The present study aimed to compare the effects of various concentrations of house dust mite (HDM) allergens, ovalbumin (OVA), the major egg allergen, and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in combination on the onset of severe NA. Female C57BL/6 mice were grouped according to a random number table and intranasally sensitized with HDM/LPS/OVA extracts on days 0, 1 and 2 of the study. In group 1, mice received 50 µg HDM + 50 µg OVA + 15 µg LPS, mice in group 2 received 50 µg HDM + 100 µg OVA + 15 µg LPS, mice in group 3 received 100 µg HDM + 50 µg OVA + 15 µg LPS and those in group 4 received 100 µg HDM + 100 µg OVA + 15 µg LPS, while mice in the control group received saline only. The mice were then challenged by OVA solution with atomized excitation on days 14, 15, 18, 19 and 20 for 30 min each. Ethology, airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), immune cell distributions in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and specific cytokines interleukin 17A (IL‑17A) and IL‑4 in serum were assessed. Histological examination of inflammation by hematoxylin and eosin staining and immunohistochemical assessment of neutrophils (NEU), eosinophils (EOS), IL‑17A and IL‑4 were also performed. Compared with the control group, the HDM/OVA/LPS‑sensitized groups 1‑4 had markedly increased BALF cells, serum interleukin IL‑17A and IL‑4, inflammatory cell infiltration, EOS as well as IL‑17A and IL‑4 by immunohistochemical staining (all P<0.05). Among the four HDM/OVA/LPS‑sensitized groups, mice of group 4 had higher AHR, a significantly higher total cell number, NEU and EOS in BALF as well as significantly higher NEU and NEU/EOS ratios according to immunohistochemical staining when compared to groups 1‑3 (P<0.05 for all). In conclusion, sensitization with 100 µg HDM + 100 µg OVA + 15 µg LPS successfully established a severe asthma model with a predominantly neutrophilic inflammatory phenotype.

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September 2017
Volume 14 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
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Copy and paste a formatted citation
APA
Jia, A., Wang, Y., Sun, W., Xiao, B., Mu, L., Wei, Y. ... Xiang, X. (2017). Comparison of the roles of house dust mite allergens, ovalbumin and lipopolysaccharides in the sensitization of mice to establish a model of severe neutrophilic asthma. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 14, 2126-2134. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.4776
MLA
Jia, A., Wang, Y., Sun, W., Xiao, B., Mu, L., Wei, Y., Xu, L., Peng, C., Zhang, D., Shen, H., Xiang, X."Comparison of the roles of house dust mite allergens, ovalbumin and lipopolysaccharides in the sensitization of mice to establish a model of severe neutrophilic asthma". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 14.3 (2017): 2126-2134.
Chicago
Jia, A., Wang, Y., Sun, W., Xiao, B., Mu, L., Wei, Y., Xu, L., Peng, C., Zhang, D., Shen, H., Xiang, X."Comparison of the roles of house dust mite allergens, ovalbumin and lipopolysaccharides in the sensitization of mice to establish a model of severe neutrophilic asthma". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 14, no. 3 (2017): 2126-2134. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.4776