Possible association of idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis with rheumatoid arthritis: A case report

  • Authors:
    • Xiaoxia Ren
    • Ting Yang
    • Jianmei Li
    • Jing Zhang
    • Jing Geng
    • Huaping Dai
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: June 25, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8938
  • Pages: 2291-2297
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Abstract

Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare interstitial lung disease, usually occurring in children or young adults. Although several studies reported on the coexistence of IPH and immune system diseases, the association between these conditions has not been well described. The present study reports on the case of a 21‑year‑old female patient who presented with bilateral lung abnormalities. The patient was admitted due to a 2‑year history of progressive exertional dyspnea, as well as arthralgia and joint swelling in the recent 2 months. During the past 15 years, the patient had been diagnosed with anemia and received repeated blood transfusions. Serial chest CT scans indicated an interstitial pattern. On physical examination, the patient had pale skin with a hemoglobin level of 65 g/l and exhibited finger‑clubbing. Arterial blood gas analysis revealed hypoxia. Anticyclic‑citrullinated protein antibody and rheumatoid factor were highly positive. Pulmonary function tests revealed restrictive ventilation dysfunction and decreased diffusion capacity. Bronchoscopy and biopsy confirmed diffuse alveolar hemorrhage. Following assessment of the etiology, the diagnosis of IPH was made by exclusion. The patient's symptoms and laboratory findings combined also confirmed the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). After receiving corticosteroid treatment, the patient's condition improved, and she was discharged and followed up. Based on this patient and a review of the literature, the present study demonstrated for the first time that IPH may mediate the development of an RA pathology. Therefore, early diagnosis is important for the timely management of IPH, which may also delay or even prevent the development of immune system diseases, e.g. RA, in patients with IPH. Further attention should be paid to determine the association between IPH and immune system diseases in the clinical setting.

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September-2020
Volume 20 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

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Spandidos Publications style
Ren X, Yang T, Li J, Zhang J, Geng J and Dai H: Possible association of idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis with rheumatoid arthritis: A case report. Exp Ther Med 20: 2291-2297, 2020
APA
Ren, X., Yang, T., Li, J., Zhang, J., Geng, J., & Dai, H. (2020). Possible association of idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis with rheumatoid arthritis: A case report. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 20, 2291-2297. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8938
MLA
Ren, X., Yang, T., Li, J., Zhang, J., Geng, J., Dai, H."Possible association of idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis with rheumatoid arthritis: A case report". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20.3 (2020): 2291-2297.
Chicago
Ren, X., Yang, T., Li, J., Zhang, J., Geng, J., Dai, H."Possible association of idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis with rheumatoid arthritis: A case report". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 20, no. 3 (2020): 2291-2297. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.8938