Open Access

Whole‑exome sequencing reveals MYH7 p.R671C mutation in three different phenotypes of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

  • Authors:
    • Wei Yu
    • Mi-Mi Huang
    • Guo-Hong Zhang
    • Wei Wang
    • Chun-Juan Chen
    • Ji-Dong Cheng
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: July 15, 2021     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2021.10434
  • Article Number: 1002
  • Copyright: © Yu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is one of the most common types of genetic heart disorder and features high genetic heterogeneity. HCM is a major cause of sudden cardiac death and also an important cause of heart failure‑related disability. A pedigree with suspected familial HCM was recruited for the present study to identify genetic abnormalities. HCM was confirmed by echocardiography and clinical data of the family members were collected. Genomic DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood and sequenced based on standard whole‑exome sequencing (WES) protocols. Sanger sequencing was further performed to verify mutation sites and their association with HCM. WES and Sanger sequencing revealed a heterozygous missense mutation (c.2011C>T p.R671C) in myosin heavy chain 7 (MYH7) that was identified in three family members. The Arg671Cys mutation was located in exon 18 and, to the best of our knowledge, has not been previously reported in familial HCM. Furthermore, family members carrying the same mutated gene were of different sexes and clinical phenotypes. They included the proband, a 17‑year‑old survivor of sudden cardiac arrest with ventricular systolic dysfunction, the proband's maternal uncle, who presented with ventricular diastolic dysfunction and the proband's mother, who had no obvious clinical symptoms and did not present with cardiac dysfunction. However, echocardiology indicated that the proband's mother had an enlarged left atrium, slightly thicker right anterior wall and anterior septum and an expanded atrial septum. Therefore, HCM exhibited obvious genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity. To the best of our knowledge, the present study was the first to report such a mutation in the MYH7 gene in familial HCM. In addition, the present study demonstrated that WES is a powerful tool for identifying genetic variants in HCM.

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September-2021
Volume 22 Issue 3

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Online ISSN:1792-1015

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Spandidos Publications style
Yu W, Huang M, Zhang G, Wang W, Chen C and Cheng J: Whole‑exome sequencing reveals MYH7 p.R671C mutation in three different phenotypes of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Exp Ther Med 22: 1002, 2021
APA
Yu, W., Huang, M., Zhang, G., Wang, W., Chen, C., & Cheng, J. (2021). Whole‑exome sequencing reveals MYH7 p.R671C mutation in three different phenotypes of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 22, 1002. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2021.10434
MLA
Yu, W., Huang, M., Zhang, G., Wang, W., Chen, C., Cheng, J."Whole‑exome sequencing reveals MYH7 p.R671C mutation in three different phenotypes of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 22.3 (2021): 1002.
Chicago
Yu, W., Huang, M., Zhang, G., Wang, W., Chen, C., Cheng, J."Whole‑exome sequencing reveals MYH7 p.R671C mutation in three different phenotypes of familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 22, no. 3 (2021): 1002. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2021.10434