Autonomic regulation of imbalance‑induced myocardial fibrosis and its mechanism in rats with cirrhosis
- Shanshan Yu
- Lei Sun
- Hua Wang
- Jue Jiang
- Qi Zhou
Affiliations: Department of Ultrasound, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710004, P.R. China
- Published online on: July 21, 2021 https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2021.10472
Copyright: © Yu
et al. This is an open access article distributed under the
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The aim of the present study was to investigate the changes in cardiac function and myocardial damage in rats with cirrhosis. In addition, a secondary aim was to explore any potential changes in the expression levels of β1‑adrenergic (β1) and muscarinic acetylcholine (M2) receptors . A cirrhotic cardiomyopathy (CCM) rat model was established by CCL4‑oil solution for subcutaneous injection into the neck. Pathological changes in the liver and myocardial tissues were detecting by H&E staining and Masson trichrome staining. Furthermore, changes in the levels of myocardial enzymes lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK‑MB) and troponin in serum were measured by ELISA. The myocardial samples were homogenized and centrifuged. Subsequently, the supernatant was collected for detecting the expression of interleukins in myocardial tissue. Changes in the levels of inflammatory factors, IL‑1, IL‑2 and IL‑6 both in the serum and myocardial tissue were determined by ELISA. Changes in echocardiographic measurements were evaluated using high‑frequency ultrasound and the expression levels of β1 and M2 receptors in myocardial tissues were determined by western blotting. The normal lobular structure in liver tissues was found to be disappeared 8 weeks after modeling, which was replaced by pseudolobules in the rats in the CCM group. In addition, the myocardial cells were observed to be swollen and disorderly arranged. Compared with those in the control group, the left ventricular end‑systolic and end‑diastolic dimensions, interventricular septal dimension and LAD in rats in the CCM8 group were found to be significantly increased. The levels of myocardial enzymes LDH, CK‑MB and cardiac troponin in the serum were also revealed to be significantly increased in the CCM8 group. Additionally, the levels of IL‑1 and IL‑6 in both serum and myocardial tissues were significantly increased in rats in the CCM8 group. However, the levels of IL‑2 in both serum and myocardial tissues were decreased, which were observed alongside reductions in myocardial β1 and M2 receptor protein expression in the myocardial tissues. Taken together, these results indicate that inflammatory factors may be involved in mediating damage to the myocardium in rats with cirrhosis. During cirrhosis‑induced cardiac dysfunction, there may exist a mechanism for downregulation of autonomic nerve system.