Inhibition of multiplication of herpes simplex virus by caffeic acid

  • Authors:
    • Keiko Ikeda
    • Kazuko Tsujimoto
    • Misao Uozaki
    • Mitsunori Nishide
    • Yukiko Suzuki
    • A. Hajime Koyama
    • Hisashi Yamasaki
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: July 1, 2011     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2011.739
  • Pages:595-598
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Abstract

Hot water extracts of coffee grinds and commercial instant coffee solutions have been shown to exhibit marked antiviral and virucidal activities against herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). Specifically, it has been shown that caffeine and N-methyl-pyridinium formate inhibit the multiplication of HSV-1 in HEp-2 cells. The present study examined the virological properties and the antiviral activity of caffeic acid against HSV-1. Caffeic acid inhibited the multiplication of HSV-1 in vitro, while chlorogenic acid, a caffeic acid ester with quinic acid, did not. These reagents did not have a direct virucidal effect. The one-step growth curve of HSV-1 showed that the addition of caffeic acid at 8 h post infection (h p.i.) did not significantly affect the formation of progeny viruses. An analysis of the influence of the time of caffeic acid addition, revealed that addition at an early time post infection remarkably inhibited the formation of progeny infectious virus in the infected cells, but its addition after 6 h p.i. (i.e., the time of the completion of viral genome replication) did not efficiently inhibit this process. These results indicate that caffeic acid inhibits HSV-1 multiplication mainly before the completion of viral DNA replication, but not thereafter. Although caffeic acid showed some cytotoxicity by prolonged incubation, the observed antiviral activity is likely not the secondary result of the cytotoxic effect of the reagent, because the inhibition of the virus multiplication was observed before appearance of the notable cytotoxicity.

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October 2011
Volume 28 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1107-3756
Online ISSN:1791-244X

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APA
Ikeda, K., Tsujimoto, K., Uozaki, M., Nishide, M., Suzuki, Y., Koyama, A.H., & Yamasaki, H. (2011). Inhibition of multiplication of herpes simplex virus by caffeic acid . International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 28, 595-598. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2011.739
MLA
Ikeda, K., Tsujimoto, K., Uozaki, M., Nishide, M., Suzuki, Y., Koyama, A. H., Yamasaki, H."Inhibition of multiplication of herpes simplex virus by caffeic acid ". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 28.4 (2011): 595-598.
Chicago
Ikeda, K., Tsujimoto, K., Uozaki, M., Nishide, M., Suzuki, Y., Koyama, A. H., Yamasaki, H."Inhibition of multiplication of herpes simplex virus by caffeic acid ". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 28, no. 4 (2011): 595-598. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2011.739