Open Access

Interference with the expression of S1PR1 or STAT3 attenuates valvular damage due to rheumatic heart disease

  • Authors:
    • Shenglin Xian
    • Ang Chen
    • Yunjiao Wu
    • Hong Wen
    • Chuanghong Lu
    • Feng Huang
    • Zhiyu Zeng
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: July 21, 2021     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2021.5012
  • Article Number: 179
  • Copyright: © Xian et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) affects numerous individuals annually; however, its pathogenesis remains unclear. The sphingosine 1‑phosphate receptor 1 (S1PR1) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) have recently been shown to be involved in valvular damage via the promotion of the differentiation of T helper 17 (Th17) cells during the development of RHD‑induced valvular damage. The present study investigated whether altering the expression of S1PR1 or STAT3 attenuates valvular damage due to RHD. Inactivated group A streptococcus (GAS) was used to establish a rat model of RHD. Recombinant adeno‑associated viral vectors carrying an S1PR1 overexpression sequence were used to overexpress S1PR1. STAT3 small interfering RNA (STAT3‑siRNA) was used to inhibit STAT3 expression. Reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR (RT‑qPCR) was performed to detect the mRNA expression of S1PR1, STAT3, collagen type III α1 chain (Col3a1) and fibroblast‑specific protein 1. Western blotting (WB) and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the levels of S1PR1, STAT3, phosphorylated (p‑) STAT3, and retinoic acid‑related orphan receptor γT (RORγt) proteins. Enzyme‑linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the levels of interleukin (IL)‑6 and IL‑17. Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and Sirius Red staining were performed to evaluate the degree of inflammation and fibrosis in the valvular tissues. S1PR1 expression was decreased in the valvular tissues of the rats with RHD. The levels of IL‑6, IL‑17 and p‑STAT3 in the rats with RHD were increased. The degree of valvular inflammation and fibrosis in the rats with RHD was also increased. The overexpression of S1PR1 and the inhibition of STAT3 reduced the total p‑STAT3 level, resulting in decreased levels of IL‑6, IL‑17 and RORγt, and a reduced degree of valvular inflammation and fibrosis. These results suggest that the expression of S1PR1 and STAT3 may be involved in valvular tissue damage due to RHD. Thus, strategies designed to interfere with the expression of S1PR1 or STAT3 may affect the expression of Th17 cell‑related cytokines and may thus attenuate valvular damage due to RHD.

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September-2021
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Spandidos Publications style
Xian S, Chen A, Wu Y, Wen H, Lu C, Huang F and Zeng Z: Interference with the expression of S1PR1 or STAT3 attenuates valvular damage due to rheumatic heart disease. Int J Mol Med 48: 179, 2021
APA
Xian, S., Chen, A., Wu, Y., Wen, H., Lu, C., Huang, F., & Zeng, Z. (2021). Interference with the expression of S1PR1 or STAT3 attenuates valvular damage due to rheumatic heart disease. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 48, 179. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2021.5012
MLA
Xian, S., Chen, A., Wu, Y., Wen, H., Lu, C., Huang, F., Zeng, Z."Interference with the expression of S1PR1 or STAT3 attenuates valvular damage due to rheumatic heart disease". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 48.3 (2021): 179.
Chicago
Xian, S., Chen, A., Wu, Y., Wen, H., Lu, C., Huang, F., Zeng, Z."Interference with the expression of S1PR1 or STAT3 attenuates valvular damage due to rheumatic heart disease". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 48, no. 3 (2021): 179. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2021.5012