T cell regeneration in HIV-infected subjects under highly active antiretroviral therapy (review).
Affiliations: Laboratory of AIDS Immunopathogenesis, Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, CH-1011 Lausanne, Switzerland.
- Published online on: July 1, 1999 https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.4.1.91
Views: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
Total PDF Downloads: 0 (Spandidos Publications: | PMC Statistics: )
This article is mentioned in:
The initial idea that high amounts of cytopathic virus produced everyday can drive high CD4+ T cell production seemed logical and explained the progressive CD4+ T cell depletion observed in HIV-infected subjects. It was hypothesized that the CD4+ T lymphocyte production was increased up to 70-fold in HIV-infected subjects. Determination of the CD4+ T cell production was based on the kinetics of CD4+ T cell recovery following initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). However, this analysis is limited by: i) the assumption that blood CD4+ T cells are representative of the lymph node T cells; and ii) the lack of estimates of CD4+ T lymphocyte turnover in healthy HIV-negative subjects. Several immunologists have expressed caution regarding the assumptions used in modeling CD4+ T cell dynamics. Recent findings clearly show that blood is not representative of lymphoid tissues and invalidate the conclusion of high CD4 turnover drawn from blood studies on HIV-infected subjects. Indeed, when blood and lymph node compartments are considered together, we find that HIV-infected subjects naive to antiretroviral have similar or lower CD4+ T cell production, as compared to healthy subjects. This observation suggests an impaired T cell renewal capacity in HIV-1 infected patients.