Human adrenal cortex and aldosterone secreting adenomas express both 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 and type 2 genes

  • Authors:
    • Giovanna Albertin
    • Cinzia Tortorella
    • Ludwik K. Malendowicz
    • Francesco Aragona
    • Giuliano Neri
    • Gastone G. Nussdorfer
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: Wednesday, May 1, 2002
  • Pages:495-498 DOI: 10.3892/ijmm.9.5.495
0

Abstract

11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 and type 2 (11βHSD1 and 11βHSD2) isozymes catalize the conversion of inactive glucocorticoids (e.g. cortisone) to their active forms (e.g. cortisol) and vice versa, respectively. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction allowed the detection of 11βHSD1 and 11βHSD2 mRNAs in the human adrenal cortex, liver, kidneys, as well as in six aldosterone-secreting adenomas. 11βHSD1 and 11βHSD2 activity, as evaluated by the capacity of the microsomal fraction to convert [3H]cortisone to [3H]cortisol and vice versa, was detected in both human adrenal cortex and aldosteronomas, although it was less elevated than in liver and kidneys. Aldosteronomas possessed more intense 11βHSD1 activity and less intense 11βHSD2 activity than the normal adrenal cortex. The hypothesis is advanced that the elevated local concentration of steroid-hormone intermediates occurring in aldosteronomas up-regulates 11βHSD1 and down-regulates 11βHSD2, thereby contributing to their enhanced steroidogenic function.

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May 2002
Volume 9 Issue 5

Print ISSN: 1107-3756
Online ISSN:1791-244X

2015 Impact Factor: 2.348
Ranked #22/123 Medicine Research and Experimental
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APA
Albertin, G., Tortorella, C., Malendowicz, L.K., Aragona, F., Neri, G., & Nussdorfer, G.G. (2002). Human adrenal cortex and aldosterone secreting adenomas express both 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 and type 2 genes. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 9, 495-498. http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.9.5.495
MLA
Albertin, G., Tortorella, C., Malendowicz, L. K., Aragona, F., Neri, G., Nussdorfer, G. G."Human adrenal cortex and aldosterone secreting adenomas express both 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 and type 2 genes". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 9.5 (2002): 495-498.
Chicago
Albertin, G., Tortorella, C., Malendowicz, L. K., Aragona, F., Neri, G., Nussdorfer, G. G."Human adrenal cortex and aldosterone secreting adenomas express both 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 and type 2 genes". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 9, no. 5 (2002): 495-498. http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.9.5.495