Butyrate-induced alterations of phosphoinositide metabolism, protein kinase C activity and reduced CD44 variant expression in HT-29 colon cancer cells

  • Authors:
    • R. Kopp
    • M. Fichter
    • R. Assert
    • A. F. Pfeiffer
    • S. Classen
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: May 1, 2009     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm_00000175
  • Pages: 639-649
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Abstract

Initiation of cell growth and neoplastic transformation frequently involves activation of growth factor receptor-coupled tyrosine kinases and stimulation of the phosphoinositide second messenger system. Altered expression of CD44 variants was reported in several malignant tumor types with possible implications for tumor progression and prognosis. CD44 variant expression was reported to be associated with second messenger activation and differentiation. We therefore investigated the effects of butyrate-induced short-term differentiation on phosphoinositide signaling, phospholipase C and protein kinase C activity and alteration of CD44 variant expression in human HT-29 colon carcinoma cells. HT-29 cells were cultured with sodium butyrate for 6 days. Phosphoinositide turnover was measured by [32P]orthophosphate incorporation and phospholipase C activity by determination of the release of [3H]inositolphosphates from [3H]myoinositol prelabeled cells. Protein kinase C activity was determined by histone III-S phosphorylation, PKC subtype expression by RNase protection analysis, and CD44 variant expression was determined by RT-PCR using variant-specific primers. Treatment of HT-29 human colon carcinoma cells with sodium butyrate caused a dose-dependent inhibition of cell proliferation (IC50, 2.5 mM) with morphologic signs of an enterocytic differentiation following 6 days of treatment. The phosphoinositide turnover as determined by 32P-incorporation under non-equilibrium conditions showed a 30-40% inhibition of labeled phosphoinositides and phosphatidic acid and a dose-dependent inhibition of cholinergically stimulated phospholipase C activity as a secondary event following butyrate-induced enterocytic differentiation. However, long-term incubation of HT-29 cells with phorbol ester or an inhibitor of classical and novel PKC subtypes did not affect cell proliferation. In butyrate-treated HT-29 cells activation of calcium-dependent protein kinase C by cholinergic stimulation or phorbolester treatment induced an increase in membrane-bound cPKC activity, while expression of distinct high- molecular CD44 variant transcripts v3 (670 bp), v5 (940 bp) and v8 (535 bp) were drastically reduced after butyrate pretreatment. Enterocytic differentiation of HT-29 colon carcinoma cells seems to be associated with alterations in phosphoinositide resynthesis, phospholipase C activity and ligand/receptor-induced PKC translocation. The observed reduction of distinct high-molecular CD44v3, v5 and v8 variants following butyrate-induced differentiation indicates an association of specific CD44 variant expression with the malignant phenotype of HT-29 colon cancer cells, thus being possible targets for new diagnostic and therapeutic strategies.

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May 2009
Volume 23 Issue 5

Print ISSN: 1107-3756
Online ISSN:1791-244X

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APA
Kopp, R., Fichter, M., Assert, R., Pfeiffer, A.F., & Classen, S. (2009). Butyrate-induced alterations of phosphoinositide metabolism, protein kinase C activity and reduced CD44 variant expression in HT-29 colon cancer cells. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 23, 639-649. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm_00000175
MLA
Kopp, R., Fichter, M., Assert, R., Pfeiffer, A. F., Classen, S."Butyrate-induced alterations of phosphoinositide metabolism, protein kinase C activity and reduced CD44 variant expression in HT-29 colon cancer cells". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 23.5 (2009): 639-649.
Chicago
Kopp, R., Fichter, M., Assert, R., Pfeiffer, A. F., Classen, S."Butyrate-induced alterations of phosphoinositide metabolism, protein kinase C activity and reduced CD44 variant expression in HT-29 colon cancer cells". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 23, no. 5 (2009): 639-649. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm_00000175