Modulation of alterations in p53 tumor suppressor gene and its association with activation of ras proto-oncogenes during chemoprevention of colon cancer
- J Singh
- G Kelloff
- B Reddy
Affiliations: AMER HLTH FDN,DIV NUTR CARCINOGENESIS,VALHALLA,NY 10595. NCI,CHEMOPREVENT LAB,DIV CANC PREVENT & CONTROL,BETHESDA,MD 20892.
- Published online on: March 1, 1997 https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.10.3.449
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Previously, we reported (Carcinogenesis 15: 1317-1323, 1994) a high rate of activating point mutations in I ns proto-oncogenes in azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colon tumors, and a significant suppression of these mutations by dietary administration of chemopreventive agents, D,L-alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) and piroxicam. To understand the role of p53 tumor suppressor gene in chemoprevention of colon cancer and to study the association of p53 gene alterations with activation of ras genes, we determined point mutations in conserved regions (exons 5-9) of p53 gene and analyzed the occurrence of double event of ms activation acid p53 mutation. Groups of male F344 rats were fed the modified AIN-76A diet containing 0, 4000 ppm DFMO, or 150 ppm piroxicam and administered s.c. AOM at a dose rate of 15 mg/kg body wt, once weekly, for 4 weeks. Vehicle controls received s.c. equal volume of normal saline. Animals were sacrificed 32 weeks after the last AOM or saline injection and their grossly visible colon tumors were analyzed to determine p53 mutations by PCR amplification based single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) and direct DNA sequencing. Our results demonstrate that about 57% tumors from animals fed the control diet contained predominantly missense but also nonsense mutations, whereas only 30% tumors from animals on piroxicam diet, and none (0%) from animals fed the DFMO diet had similar mutations. Analysis of data revealed that about half of the tumors from animals on control diet possessed both ms and p53 mutations together, only 27% of colon tumors from animals on piroxicam diet and none of the tumors from animals on DFMO diet exhibited both ms and p53 mutations. These results indicate that the administration of piroxicam, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, and DFMO, a irreversible inhibitor of ornithine decarboxylase, may inhibit selective proliferation of initiated cells containing activated las and/or mutant p53. Dietary DFMO exerted more pronounced inhibition of selective amplification of initiated cells containing mutated ras and/or p53.