A randomized phase II trial of cisplatinum plus mitomycin-C plus vinorelbine and carboplatin plus vinorelbine in advanced non-small cell lung cancer
- M Colleoni
- G Vicario
- F Pancheri
- G Sgarbossa
- P Nelli
- P Manente
Affiliations: DIV MED ONCOL,CASTELFRANCO VENE,ITALY.
- Published online on: March 1, 1997 https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo.10.3.619
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Vinorelbine represents one of the most active agents in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with response rates of 14-33%. We therefore evaluated the activity and tolerability of two novel vinorelbine-containing regimens in stage IIIB-IV NSCLC. Fifty-two patients were enrolled in a randomized phase II study of cisplatinum (100 mg/m(2)) day 1, mitomycin-C (8 mg/m(2)) day 1, and vinorelbine (25 mg/m(2)) days 1 and 8 (Arm A); and carboplatin (400 mg/m(2)) day 1, in combination with vinorelbine (25 mg/m(2)) days 1 and 8 (Arm B). Cycles were repeated every 3 weeks. All patients were assessable for reponse and side effects. Patients were well balanced between the two Arms in terms of major characteristics. A total of 98 and 91 cycles were delivered respectively in Arm A and Arm B. Eleven objective responses (42%; 95% confidence interval 26-63%) were observed in Arm A and 7 responses (27%; 95% confidence interval 12-48%) in Arm B. Main toxicity was mild or moderate, nausea and vomiting for Arm A and hematological for Arm B. Other side effects included infections and phlebitis and were similar for the two Arms. In conclusion, both schedules demonstrated activity in advanced NSCLC. The three-drug regimen appeared very promising in terms of activity and manageable toxicity.