Cadherin-11-mediated interactions with bone marrow stromal/osteoblastic cells support selective colonization of breast cancer cells in bone
- Daisuke Tamura
- Toru Hiraga
- Akira Myoui
- Hideki Yoshikawa
- Toshiyuki Yoneda
Published online on: Tuesday, July 1, 2008
Cell adhesion molecules have been implicated in the selective colonization of cancer in distant organs. Breast cancer has a strong predilection for spreading to bone. Cadherin-11, which is one of the classical type-2 cadherin family members and mediates homophilic cell-cell adhesion, is constitutively expressed in stromal and osteoblastic cells in bone marrow. Elevated cadherin-11 expression is also found in aggressive human breast cancers. Here, we investigated the role of the interactions between breast cancer cells and bone marrow stromal/osteoblastic cells via cadherin-11 in the selective spread to bone. The bone-seeking clone of the MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells showed greater cadherin-11 expression than the parental and the brain-seeking clone. Cadherin-11 overexpression in MDA-MB-231 cells increased bone metastases with promoted bone resorption, while the natural variant form of cadherin-11 that is unable to establish cell-cell adhesion did not. Of note, introduction of cadherin-11 showed no effects on lung metastases. Fluorescence-activated cell sorter analysis using the fluorescent dye-labeled cancer cells showed that early colonization in bone marrow was increased by cadherin-11. Co-cultures with the MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells that constitutively expressed cadherin-11 caused an up-regulation of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTH-rP) production in MDA-MB-231 cells overexpressing cadherin-11. The conditioned medium of the co-cultures increased osteoclastogenesis, which was blocked by a neutralizing antibody to PTH-rP. In conclusion, our results suggest that cadherin-11 promotes homing and migration to bone and osteoclastogenesis through mediating the homophilic interactions of breast cancer cells with marrow stromal/osteoblastic cells, thereby enhancing bone metastases.