Combination therapy using three novel prolactin receptor antagonist-based fusion proteins effectively inhibits tumor recurrence and metastasis in HER2/neu transgenic mice

  • Authors:
    • Seth Tomblyn
    • Alison E.B. Springs
    • John F. Langenheim
    • Wen Y. Chen
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: April 1, 2009     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo_00000242
  • Pages: 1139-1146
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Abstract

Previously, prolactin receptor antagonist (G129R)- based fusion proteins were developed including G129R fusions with an angiogenesis inhibitor (endostatin), an immune system modulator (interleukin 2), and a modified truncated cytotoxin (PE38KDEL). Each fusion protein was designed to target the PRLR-positive cells via the G129R moiety and at the same time attack a hallmark common to cancer cells via the second moiety. In this study, we tested the efficacy of the three fusion proteins as a combination therapy in an aggressive but clinically relevant mouse tumor model. To test the feasibility and to optimize a treatment regimen, allografts of a mammary carcinoma cell line (McNeuA) derived from an MMTV-neu transgenic mouse were first used. Growth of the allografts was significantly retarded by regimens which combined all three fusion proteins. In addition, a significant increase in cytotoxic CD8+ T cells was observed within the tumors of the combination treated groups. After establishing the dosing regimen, two doses of cocktail treatment (low and high doses administered twice weekly) along with individual component controls were administered to female MMTV-neu transgenic mice after surgical removal of a naturally occurring tumor. The average tumor recurrence time was significantly delayed in both low and high combination treatment groups in comparison to the no treatment control group (34, 50 and 18 days, respectively). The total number of lung metastases was also significantly decreased in both combination treatment groups. In conclusion, using G129R-based fusion proteins to target mammary carcinomas and to tackle multiple hallmarks of cancer at the same time was an effective strategy for treating HER2-postive mammary cancer in this mouse tumor model.

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April 2009
Volume 34 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

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APA
Tomblyn, S., Springs, A.E., Langenheim, J.F., & Chen, W.Y. (2009). Combination therapy using three novel prolactin receptor antagonist-based fusion proteins effectively inhibits tumor recurrence and metastasis in HER2/neu transgenic mice. International Journal of Oncology, 34, 1139-1146. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo_00000242
MLA
Tomblyn, S., Springs, A. E., Langenheim, J. F., Chen, W. Y."Combination therapy using three novel prolactin receptor antagonist-based fusion proteins effectively inhibits tumor recurrence and metastasis in HER2/neu transgenic mice". International Journal of Oncology 34.4 (2009): 1139-1146.
Chicago
Tomblyn, S., Springs, A. E., Langenheim, J. F., Chen, W. Y."Combination therapy using three novel prolactin receptor antagonist-based fusion proteins effectively inhibits tumor recurrence and metastasis in HER2/neu transgenic mice". International Journal of Oncology 34, no. 4 (2009): 1139-1146. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijo_00000242