Open Access

Identification of up-regulated and down-regulated cis-natural antisense transcripts in the human B lymphoblastic cell line IM-9 after X-ray irradiation

  • Authors:
    • Mitsuru Chiba
    • Tomisato Miura
    • Kosuke Kasai
    • Satoru Monzen
    • Ikuo Kashiwakura
    • Hiroshi Yasue
    • Toshiya Nakamura
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: February 13, 2012     https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2012.787
  • Pages: 1151-1157
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Abstract

Ionizing radiation (IR) causes DNA injury and induces multiple signal mechanisms, including the regulation of DNA repair, the cell cycle and gene expression through the activation of p53-related pathways. Cis-natural antisense transcripts (cis-NATs), which are transcribed from the DNA strand opposite to that for mRNA of the gene, are recognized as important regulators of gene expression in eukaryotic cells, but the effects on cis-NAT expression by IR are unknown to date. Therefore, we investigated the effects of X-ray irradiation on cis-NAT expression together with mRNA expression using a human B lymphoblast cell line (IM-9), a custom-microarray and strand-specific RT-qPCR. Eighteen, 33 and 106 mRNAs were demonstrated to be differentially expressed in IM-9 cells after 1, 2 and 4 Gy irradiation, respectively, as compared to 0 Gy by microarray analysis (fold change, FC >2.0). On the other hand, 10, 22 and 43 NATs were demonstrated to be differentially expressed in IM-9 cells after 1, 2 and 4 Gy irradiation, respectively, as compared to 0 Gy by microarray analysis (FC >2.0). Among these mRNAs/NATs, the IR dose-dependent up-regulation of mRNAs and cis-NATs of MDM2 and CDKN1A were confirmed by strand-specific RT-qPCR. Additionally, the cis-NATs of MDM2 were indicated to be localized in the cytoplasm, while cis-NATs of CDKN1A were located in the nucleus and cytoplasm. In conclusion, the radiation-responsive cis-NATs in conjunction with mRNAs were identified for the first time in the present study. It is possible that these cis-NATs regulate the gene expression in a post-transcriptional fashion. The IR dose-dependent up- and down-regulation of these mRNAs/cis-NATs may be a marker for ionizing radiation.

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May 2012
Volume 5 Issue 5

Print ISSN: 1791-2997
Online ISSN:1791-3004

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APA
Chiba, M., Miura, T., Kasai, K., Monzen, S., Kashiwakura, I., Yasue, H., & Nakamura, T. (2012). Identification of up-regulated and down-regulated cis-natural antisense transcripts in the human B lymphoblastic cell line IM-9 after X-ray irradiation. Molecular Medicine Reports, 5, 1151-1157. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2012.787
MLA
Chiba, M., Miura, T., Kasai, K., Monzen, S., Kashiwakura, I., Yasue, H., Nakamura, T."Identification of up-regulated and down-regulated cis-natural antisense transcripts in the human B lymphoblastic cell line IM-9 after X-ray irradiation". Molecular Medicine Reports 5.5 (2012): 1151-1157.
Chicago
Chiba, M., Miura, T., Kasai, K., Monzen, S., Kashiwakura, I., Yasue, H., Nakamura, T."Identification of up-regulated and down-regulated cis-natural antisense transcripts in the human B lymphoblastic cell line IM-9 after X-ray irradiation". Molecular Medicine Reports 5, no. 5 (2012): 1151-1157. https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2012.787