Expression of sphingosine‑1‑phosphate receptor 2 is correlated with migration and invasion of human colon cancer cells: A preliminary clinical study
- Junjun Yan
- Yi Chen
- Qibiao Wu
- Le Shao
- Xiqiao Zhou
Affiliations: Department of Gastroenterology, The First People's Hospital of Jiujiang, Jiujiang, Jiangxi 332000, P.R. China, Department of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210029, P.R. China, State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicines and Faculty of Chinese Medicine, Macau University of Science and Technology (MUST), Taipa, Macau 999078, P.R. China, Center for Medical Research and Innovation, The First Hospital of Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha, Hunan 410000, P.R. China
- Published online on: June 1, 2022 https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2022.13361
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Sphingosine‑1‑phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive phospholipid that serves as a potent mediator of cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis by binding to S1P receptors (S1PRs). S1P signalling is involved in the pathogenesis of numerous types of disease, including cancer. To the best of our knowledge, however, little is known about the expression patterns of S1PRs and their role in human colorectal cancer (CRC) cell migration and invasion. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of S1P signalling in the metastasis of colon cancer cells and the expression of S1PRs in patients with CRC. The protein and mRNA expression levels of S1PRs and sphingosine kinases (SPHKs) in 55 patients with CRC were detected by western blotting (WB), immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis and reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR. The levels of S1P in serum from patients and healthy individuals were quantified by ELISA. S1PRs antagonists JTE013, FTY720 and S1PR2‑small interfering (si)RNA were used to determine the role of S1PR2 in human CRC LOVO and SW480 cell lines. Migration and invasion assays were performed for functional analysis. The levels of S1P in serum were significantly increased in patients with CRC compared with healthy individuals. The relative mRNA expression levels of S1PR2 were significantly downregulated in tumour compared with normal tissue, whereas S1PR1 and SPHK1 were upregulated. WB showed that 58% (32/55 cases) of patients presented downregulated S1PR2 protein expression. IHC analysis indicated that expression of S1PR2 was lower in tumour than in normal tissue in 65.5% (36/55 cases) of patients. Exogenous addition of S1P promoted migration and invasion in the different cell types. S1P stimulated the migration and invasion of SW480 cells. The inhibition of S1PR2 by JTE013 or S1PR2‑siRNA significantly promoted the migration and invasion of SW480 cells, while FTY720 reversed these effects. The present study indicated that expression levels of S1PRs, particularly S1PR2, were associated with migration and invasion of CRC cells. The present findings revealed a novel mechanism by which S1P inhibited tumour cell migration and invasion via a S1PR2‑dependent pathway, suggesting that S1PR2 may be a therapeutic target for treatment of colon cancer.