Open Access

MicroRNA‑363‑3p inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in retinoblastoma cells via the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway by targeting PIK3CA

  • Authors:
    • Xiaojie Ma
    • Lan Jin
    • Xiaoqin Lei
    • Jingan Tong
    • Runsheng Wang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: March 12, 2020     https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2020.7544
  • Pages: 1365-1374
  • Copyright: © Ma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

There is extensive evidence suggesting that microRNAs (miRs) can modulate the activity of oncogenes and tumor suppressors, and are associated with the occurrence of cancer. In the present study, the function of miR‑363‑3p in the progression of retinoblastoma (RB) was investigated. miR‑363‑3p expression in RB was decreased, and miR‑363‑3p protein levels were found to be inversely correlated with phosphatidylinositol‑4,5‑bisphosphate 3‑kinase catalytic subunit α (PIK3CA) levels. Overexpression of miR‑363‑3p in an in vitro model of RB revealed that miR‑363‑3p had anticancer effects on RB and regulated PIK3CA, pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1 (PDK1) and phosphorylated protein kinase B (p‑AKT) protein expression. Downregulation of miR‑363‑3p promoted cell proliferation of RB cells through PIK3CA, PDK1 and p‑AKT protein expression. Knockdown of PIK3CA increased the anticancer effects of miR‑363‑3p in RB cells. Treatment with OSU‑03012, a PDK1 inhibitor, accelerated the anticancer effects of miR‑363‑3p in RB cells. Taken together, the results demonstrate that miR‑363‑3p functions as a tumor suppressor in RB by targeting PIK3CA.

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May 2020
Volume 43 Issue 5

Print ISSN: 1021-335X
Online ISSN:1791-2431

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APA
Ma, X., Jin, L., Lei, X., Tong, J., & Wang, R. (2020). MicroRNA‑363‑3p inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in retinoblastoma cells via the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway by targeting PIK3CA. Oncology Reports, 43, 1365-1374. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2020.7544
MLA
Ma, X., Jin, L., Lei, X., Tong, J., Wang, R."MicroRNA‑363‑3p inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in retinoblastoma cells via the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway by targeting PIK3CA". Oncology Reports 43.5 (2020): 1365-1374.
Chicago
Ma, X., Jin, L., Lei, X., Tong, J., Wang, R."MicroRNA‑363‑3p inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis in retinoblastoma cells via the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway by targeting PIK3CA". Oncology Reports 43, no. 5 (2020): 1365-1374. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2020.7544