Yeast functional assay of the p53 gene status in 11 cell lines and 26 surgical specimens of human hepatocellular carcinoma.

  • Authors:
    • C Gao
    • R Ohashi
    • H Pu
    • Y Inoue
    • T Tsuji
    • M Miyazaki
    • M Namba
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: November 1, 1999     https://doi.org/10.3892/or.6.6.1267
  • Pages: 1267-1338
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Abstract

The structural abnormalities of the p53 gene have frequently been detected in hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). To ascertain whether or not functional inactivation of this gene also occurs in HCCs, the transactivation of p53 gene products in 11 HCC cell lines maintained in our laboratory and 26 HCC surgical specimens was examined by yeast functional assay (functional analysis of separated alleles in yeast: FASAY), which determines the functional status of the individual p53 alleles. The p53 gene product was inactivated in 8 of 11 (72.7%) HCC cell lines and in 12 of 26 (46.2%) HCC surgical specimens. The inactivation frequency of the gene was 37.5%, 36.4%, and 71.4% in well, moderately, and poorly differentiated HCCs, respectively. In HCC surgical specimens larger than 5 cm in diameter, the inactivation frequency was 83.3% while in those smaller than 2. 5 cm, it was 14.3%. These results show that functional inactivation of p53 gene products often occurs in HCCs and that the inactivation frequency of the gene in HCCs is well correlated with differentiation degree and tumor size, suggesting that the inactivation of p53 gene products plays a role in progression from well to poorly differentiated HCC.

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November 1999
Volume 6 Issue 6

Print ISSN: 1021-335X
Online ISSN:1791-2431

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APA
Gao, C., Ohashi, R., Pu, H., Inoue, Y., Tsuji, T., Miyazaki, M., & Namba, M. (1999). Yeast functional assay of the p53 gene status in 11 cell lines and 26 surgical specimens of human hepatocellular carcinoma.. Oncology Reports, 6, 1267-1338. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.6.6.1267
MLA
Gao, C., Ohashi, R., Pu, H., Inoue, Y., Tsuji, T., Miyazaki, M., Namba, M."Yeast functional assay of the p53 gene status in 11 cell lines and 26 surgical specimens of human hepatocellular carcinoma.". Oncology Reports 6.6 (1999): 1267-1338.
Chicago
Gao, C., Ohashi, R., Pu, H., Inoue, Y., Tsuji, T., Miyazaki, M., Namba, M."Yeast functional assay of the p53 gene status in 11 cell lines and 26 surgical specimens of human hepatocellular carcinoma.". Oncology Reports 6, no. 6 (1999): 1267-1338. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.6.6.1267