Open Access

Correlation between MUAC z‑score and the anthropometric indexes, weight and height, in the assessment of the nutritional status of pediatric inpatients 

  • Authors:
    • Thuc My Thi Luu
    • Ha Ngoc Vu
    • An Thanh Thi Vo
    • Linh Thuy Tran
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: June 7, 2024     https://doi.org/10.3892/wasj.2024.251
  • Article Number: 36
  • Copyright : © Luu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License [CC BY 4.0].

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Abstract

Nutrition plays a crucial role in the growth of healthy children, and its role is particularly critical in pediatric patients to help increase response to treatment, reduce morbidity and mortality, improve quality of life, and reduce treatment costs. Anthropometric indexes are an integral part of screening and assessment of the nutritional status. The present study aimed to examine the correlation between the mid‑upper arm circumference (MUAC) z‑score with anthropometric indexes, such as weight and height, in the assessment of the nutritional status of pediatric inpatients. The present cross‑sectional study was conducted on 500 pediatrics from 2 to 60 months of age. The nutritional status of all the pediatric patients was assessed using the following metrics: Weight for age, height for age, weight for height, MUAC for age. The nutritional status was then classified based on the z‑score according to the WHO 2006 guidelines as follows: Weight/age: underweight (20.8%), overweight and obese (1.8%); weight/height: Wasting (14%), overweight and obese (5.4%); height/age: Stunting (24%), of which severe (10.2%); MUAC z‑score: Malnutrition (27.2%), of which severe malnutrition (14.4%), and overweight (1%). The MUAC z‑score was strongly associated with weight/height z‑score (r=0.608; P<0.001). Thus, the present study demonstrates that it is necessary to use a combination of all three anthropometric indexes, namely weight, height and MUAC to detect early clinical malnutrition, particularly in patients whose weight is affected by fluid status; MUAC is an integral tool for assessing the nutritional status.

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July-August 2024
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Spandidos Publications style
Luu TM, Vu HN, Vo AT and Tran LT: Correlation between MUAC z‑score and the anthropometric indexes, weight and height, in the assessment of the nutritional status of pediatric inpatients&nbsp;. World Acad Sci J 6: 36, 2024
APA
Luu, T.M., Vu, H.N., Vo, A.T., & Tran, L.T. (2024). Correlation between MUAC z‑score and the anthropometric indexes, weight and height, in the assessment of the nutritional status of pediatric inpatients&nbsp;. World Academy of Sciences Journal, 6, 36. https://doi.org/10.3892/wasj.2024.251
MLA
Luu, T. M., Vu, H. N., Vo, A. T., Tran, L. T."Correlation between MUAC z‑score and the anthropometric indexes, weight and height, in the assessment of the nutritional status of pediatric inpatients&nbsp;". World Academy of Sciences Journal 6.4 (2024): 36.
Chicago
Luu, T. M., Vu, H. N., Vo, A. T., Tran, L. T."Correlation between MUAC z‑score and the anthropometric indexes, weight and height, in the assessment of the nutritional status of pediatric inpatients&nbsp;". World Academy of Sciences Journal 6, no. 4 (2024): 36. https://doi.org/10.3892/wasj.2024.251