Scutellaria barbata D. Don inhibits migration and invasion of colorectal cancer cells via suppression of PI3K/AKT and TGF‑β/Smad signaling pathways

  • Authors:
    • Yiyi Jin
    • Wujin Chen
    • Hong Yang
    • Zhaokun Yan
    • Zijun Lai
    • Jianyu Feng
    • Jun Peng
    • Jiumao Lin
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: October 2, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.5242
  • Pages:5527-5534
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Abstract

Metastasis is one of the most aberrant behaviors of cancer cells. Patients with cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC), have a higher risk of tumor recurrence and cancer‑related mortality once metastasis is diagnosed. Existing treatment strategies fail to cure cancer mostly due to the onset of metastasis. Therefore, metastasis remains a challenge in cancer treatment. Some complementary and alternative medical therapies using traditional Chinese medicine have been demonstrated to be clinically effective in cancer treatment. Scutellaria barbata D. Don (SB) is a promising medicinal herb. It was previously reported that the ethanol extract of SB (EESB) is able to promote apoptosis, and inhibit cell proliferation and angiogenesis in human colon cancer cells. However, the anticancer effect of SB and the underlying mechanism require further investigation, particularly its role against metastasis. To further elucidate the antimetastatic effect of SB, MTT and Transwell assays were used in the present study to evaluate the effect of EESB on the proliferation, migration and invasion of the CRC cell line HCT‑8. In addition, western blot analysis was performed to detect the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), cadherins and other metastasis‑associated proteins. EESB significantly reduced HCT‑8 cell viability and attenuated the migration and invasion ability of HCT‑8 cells in a dose‑dependent manner. In addition, EESB decreased the expression of MMP‑1, MMP‑2, MMP‑3/10, MMP‑9 and MMP‑13, and proteins in the phosphoinositide 3‑kinase (PI3K)/AKT and transforming growth factor (TGF)‑β/Smad pathways, but not the epithelial‑mesenchymal transition (EMT)‑related factors E‑cadherin and N‑cadherin. In conclusion, the results suggested that SB inhibits CRC cell metastasis via the suppression of PI3K/AKT and TGF‑β/Smad signaling pathways, which may represent a mechanism by which SB exerts an anticancer effect.

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December 2017
Volume 14 Issue 6

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

2016 Impact Factor: 1.261
Ranked #50/128 Medicine Research and Experimental
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APA
Jin, Y., Chen, W., Yang, H., Yan, Z., Lai, Z., Feng, J. ... Lin, J. (2017). Scutellaria barbata D. Don inhibits migration and invasion of colorectal cancer cells via suppression of PI3K/AKT and TGF‑β/Smad signaling pathways. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 14, 5527-5534. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.5242
MLA
Jin, Y., Chen, W., Yang, H., Yan, Z., Lai, Z., Feng, J., Peng, J., Lin, J."Scutellaria barbata D. Don inhibits migration and invasion of colorectal cancer cells via suppression of PI3K/AKT and TGF‑β/Smad signaling pathways". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 14.6 (2017): 5527-5534.
Chicago
Jin, Y., Chen, W., Yang, H., Yan, Z., Lai, Z., Feng, J., Peng, J., Lin, J."Scutellaria barbata D. Don inhibits migration and invasion of colorectal cancer cells via suppression of PI3K/AKT and TGF‑β/Smad signaling pathways". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 14, no. 6 (2017): 5527-5534. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.5242