The effect of hydroxy safflower yellow A on coronary heart disease through Bcl‑2/Bax and PPAR‑γ

  • Authors:
    • Dayan Zhou
    • Zongjie Qu
    • Hao Wang
    • Yong Su
    • Yazhu Wang
    • Weiwei Zhang
    • Zhe Wang
    • Qiang Xu
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: November 1, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.5414
  • Pages:520-526
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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of hydroxy safflower yellow A (HSYA) on coronary heart disease through assessing the expression of B‑cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl‑2)/Bcl‑2‑like protein 4 (Bax) and peroxisome proliferator‑activated receptor (PPAR)‑γ. Coronary heart disease was induced in male Bama miniature swines via thoracoscope to serve as an animal model. Coronary heart disease swine were lavaged with 20 or 40 mg/kg HSYA. The mRNA levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)‑α, interleukin (IL)‑1β, IL‑6, IL‑10, cyclooxygenase‑2 (COX‑2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) were detected using reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The protein expression of Bcl‑2, Bax, PPAR‑γ, phosphorylation of Janus kinase (JAK)2 and phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)3 were detected using western blot analysis. Treatment with HSYA significantly suppressed the mRNA levels of IL‑1β (P<0.01), IL‑6 (P<0.01), TNF‑α (P<0.01), COX‑2 (P<0.01) and iNOS (P<0.01), and significantly increased IL‑10 mRNA level in the coronary heart disease model (P<0.01). Furthermore, HSYA treatment significantly decreased the Bcl‑2/Bax ratio (P<0.01) in the coronary heart disease model group, and enhanced the phosphorylation of JAK2/STAT3 pathway (P<0.01). However, HSYA had no significant effect on the expression of PPAR‑γ protein. The results of the present study suggest that HSYA is able to weaken coronary heart disease via inflammation, Bcl‑2/Bax and the PPAR‑γ signaling pathway.

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January 2018
Volume 15 Issue 1

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

2016 Impact Factor: 1.261
Ranked #50/128 Medicine Research and Experimental
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APA
Zhou, D., Qu, Z., Wang, H., Su, Y., Wang, Y., Zhang, W. ... Xu, Q. (2018). The effect of hydroxy safflower yellow A on coronary heart disease through Bcl‑2/Bax and PPAR‑γ. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 15, 520-526. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.5414
MLA
Zhou, D., Qu, Z., Wang, H., Su, Y., Wang, Y., Zhang, W., Wang, Z., Xu, Q."The effect of hydroxy safflower yellow A on coronary heart disease through Bcl‑2/Bax and PPAR‑γ". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 15.1 (2018): 520-526.
Chicago
Zhou, D., Qu, Z., Wang, H., Su, Y., Wang, Y., Zhang, W., Wang, Z., Xu, Q."The effect of hydroxy safflower yellow A on coronary heart disease through Bcl‑2/Bax and PPAR‑γ". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 15, no. 1 (2018): 520-526. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.5414