TGF-β1 stimulates epithelial‑mesenchymal transition mediated by ADAM33

  • Authors:
    • Liping Fang
    • Jie Wu
    • Tao Huang
    • Pengpeng Zhang
    • Xiaofeng Xin
    • Yi Shi
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: November 10, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.5478
  • Pages:985-992
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Abstract

The present study aimed to determine the effects of transforming growth factor (TGF)‑β1 on disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain‑containing protein 33 (ADAM33) expression in airway epithelial cells in order to investigate the association between ADAM33 expression and TGF‑β1‑induced epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), and to further explore the mechanisms underlying the role of ADAM33 in airway remodeling in asthma. The human bronchial epithelial cell line HBE was transfected with small interfering RNA targeting ADAM33 (siADAM33) and treated with different concentrations of TGF‑β1 (10, 20 or 30 ng/ml), while untransfected cells were used as controls. At 72 h after treatment, cellular morphology and immunohistochemical staining were observed under a microscope. The protein and mRNA expression levels of ADAM33 and the EMT markers E‑cadherin and vimentin were detected by western blot analysis and reverse‑transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction, respectively. In addition, a correlation analysis of ADAM33 expression and E‑cadherin/vimentin expression was performed. A wound healing migration assay and a cell invasion assay were also performed. The results of the cellular morphology, migration and invasion studies suggested that TGF‑β1 treatment induced typical EMT changes in HBE cells. In addition, treatment with various concentrations of TGF‑β1 significantly increased the protein and mRNA expression levels of ADAM33 and vimentin compared with those in untreated cells. TGF‑β1 treatment also decreased the protein and mRNA expression levels of E‑cadherin in a dose‑dependent manner. By contrast, transfection with siADAM33 promoted the protein expression of E‑cadherin and decreased the protein expression of vimentin. Furthermore, ADAM33 and E‑cadherin expression levels exhibited a significant negative correlation, whereas ADAM33 and vimentin were positively correlated. In conclusion, the results suggested that TGF‑β1 enhances ADAM33 expression in airway epithelial cells, and that ADAM33 induces the EMT of airway epithelial cells, thus participating in airway remodeling in asthma.

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January 2018
Volume 15 Issue 1

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

2016 Impact Factor: 1.261
Ranked #50/128 Medicine Research and Experimental
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APA
Fang, L., Wu, J., Huang, T., Zhang, P., Xin, X., & Shi, Y. (2018). TGF-β1 stimulates epithelial‑mesenchymal transition mediated by ADAM33. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 15, 985-992. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.5478
MLA
Fang, L., Wu, J., Huang, T., Zhang, P., Xin, X., Shi, Y."TGF-β1 stimulates epithelial‑mesenchymal transition mediated by ADAM33". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 15.1 (2018): 985-992.
Chicago
Fang, L., Wu, J., Huang, T., Zhang, P., Xin, X., Shi, Y."TGF-β1 stimulates epithelial‑mesenchymal transition mediated by ADAM33". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 15, no. 1 (2018): 985-992. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.5478