Coxsackievirus A16 infection stimulates imbalances of T cells in children
- Qingming Luo
- Wanjun Peng
- Li Chen
Published online on: April 3, 2015
Immune reaction plays a crucial role in the regulation of the progression of Coxsackievirus A16 (CA16)-infected hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). However, no details of T‑cell subset frequency or imbalance during the CA16 infection process have been revealed. In the present study, whether CA16‑induced HFMD changes the frequency of different T‑cell subsets and associated immune mediators was determined in children. The results indicate that the percentages of Th1 and Tc1 cells were significantly increased in children with HFMD compared with those in healthy children. In addition, the Th1/Th2 ratio and interferon (IFN)‑γ levels were significant higher in children with HFMD. Furthermore, the percentage of Th17 cells and the Th17/Treg ratio as well as interleukin (IL)‑17A levels were higher in HFMD cases. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated the dysregulation of T‑cell subsets following CA16 infection. The Th1/Th2 and Th17/Treg ratios were imbalanced following infection. Also, the imbalance Th1/Th2 and Th17/Treg ratios contributed to the increased levels of IFN‑γ and IL‑17A. Based on this information, the present study provides new insights for the future study of CA16-induced HFMD and offers new data of diagnostic and therapeutic value for CA16 infection.