Open Access

Basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors DEC1 and DEC2 regulate the paclitaxel-induced apoptotic pathway of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells

  • Authors:
    • Yunyan Wu
    • Fuyuki Sato
    • Ujjal Kumar Bhawal
    • Takeshi Kawamoto
    • Katsumi Fujimoto
    • Mitsuhide Noshiro
    • Satoko Morohashi
    • Yukio Kato
    • Hiroshi Kijima
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: February 14, 2011     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2011.617
  • Pages: 491-495
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Abstract

Differentiated embryonic chondrocyte gene (DEC) 1 (BHLHE40/Stra13/Sharp2) and DEC2 (BHLHE41/Sharp1) are basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors that are associated with the regulation of apoptosis, cell proliferation and circadian rhythms, as well as malignancy in various cancers. However, the roles of DEC1 and DEC2 expression in breast cancer are poorly understood. In this study, we sought to examine the roles of DEC1 and DEC2 in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells that had been treated with paclitaxel. The expression of DEC1 and DEC2 was up-regulated in paclitaxel-treated MCF-7 cells. Knockdown of DEC1 by siRNA decreased the amount of cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), after treatment with paclitaxel, whereas DEC2 knockdown increased the amount of cleaved PARP in both the presence and absence of paclitaxel. Immunofluorescent staining revealed that paclitaxel treatment increased the amount of DEC1 in the nucleus, and increased the amount of DEC2 in both the nucleus and cytoplasm. These results indicate that DEC1 has pro-apoptotic effects, whereas DEC2 has anti-apoptotic effects on the paclitaxel-induced apoptosis in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells.

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April 2011
Volume 27 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1107-3756
Online ISSN:1791-244X

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Copy and paste a formatted citation
APA
Wu, Y., Sato, F., Bhawal, U.K., Kawamoto, T., Fujimoto, K., Noshiro, M. ... Kijima, H. (2011). Basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors DEC1 and DEC2 regulate the paclitaxel-induced apoptotic pathway of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 27, 491-495. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2011.617
MLA
Wu, Y., Sato, F., Bhawal, U. K., Kawamoto, T., Fujimoto, K., Noshiro, M., Morohashi, S., Kato, Y., Kijima, H."Basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors DEC1 and DEC2 regulate the paclitaxel-induced apoptotic pathway of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 27.4 (2011): 491-495.
Chicago
Wu, Y., Sato, F., Bhawal, U. K., Kawamoto, T., Fujimoto, K., Noshiro, M., Morohashi, S., Kato, Y., Kijima, H."Basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors DEC1 and DEC2 regulate the paclitaxel-induced apoptotic pathway of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 27, no. 4 (2011): 491-495. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2011.617